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Transport and Evolution of Supercritical Fluids During the Formation of the Erdenet Cu–Mo Deposit, Mongolia

Graduated School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
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Geosciences 2020, 10(5), 201; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10050201
Received: 4 March 2020 / Revised: 7 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exploring and Modeling the Magma-Hydrothermal Regime)
Petrological and fluid inclusion data were used to characterize multiple generations of veins within the Erdenet Cu–Mo deposit, Mongolia, and constrain the evolution of fluids within the magmatic–hydrothermal system. Three types of veins are present (from early to late): quartz–molybdenite, quartz–pyrite, and quartz. The host rock was emplaced at temperatures of 700–750 °C, the first quartz was precipitated from magma-derived supercritical fluids at 650–700 °C, quartz–molybdenite and quartz–pyrite veins were formed at ~600 °C, and the quartz veins were precipitated in response to retrograde silica solubility caused by decreasing temperatures at <500 °C. We infer that over-pressured fluid beneath the cupola caused localized fluid injection, or that accumulated stress caused ruptures and earthquakes related to sector collapse; these events disrupted impermeable layers and allowed fluids to percolate through weakened zones. View Full-Text
Keywords: Erdenet Cu–Mo deposit; cathodoluminescence; supercritical fluid; transient fluid pressure; magmatic-hydrothermal system; fluid inclusion Erdenet Cu–Mo deposit; cathodoluminescence; supercritical fluid; transient fluid pressure; magmatic-hydrothermal system; fluid inclusion
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Agroli, G.; Okamoto, A.; Uno, M.; Tsuchiya, N. Transport and Evolution of Supercritical Fluids During the Formation of the Erdenet Cu–Mo Deposit, Mongolia. Geosciences 2020, 10, 201.

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