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Open AccessArticle

Zircon as a Mineral Indicating the Stage of Granitoid Magmatism at Northern Chukotka, Russia

Faculty of Geological Prospecting, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 2, 21st Line, 199106 St Petersburg, Russia
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Geosciences 2020, 10(5), 194; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10050194
Received: 9 April 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distribution of REE and Trace Elements for Different Types of Zircons)
A comparative study of the zircon composition and texture in granites of a three-stage Late Cretaceous magmatism in the Chaun area, Chukotka, Russia, was conducted in biotite granites (BG), quartz monzonites-monzogranites (MG), and zinnwaldite granites (ZG). The significance of the study entails determining the mineralogical indicators of similar granitoids in areas of multi-stage petrogenesis. It is shown that in the rock series of Northern Chukotka, BG → MG → ZG, a morphological evolution of zircon takes place: a reduction in size, elongation, a growing complexity of the crystallography, and an individual texture. In later generations of zircon, as a result of the recrystallization and metasomatism, rare-metal overgrowths, defects in the crystal structure, pores and fissures, and mineral inclusions appear, whereas the crystal-face indices and patterns become more complicated. We can observe the geochemical evolution of zircon: a gradual change in the concentration of trace elements (Hf, U, Y, Th, Nb, and Ti), rare earth elements (Yb, Er, and Dy, as well as Ce and Nd), and uncommon elements (Ca and Al). Rare elements (REE, Y, Hf, Nb, U, and Th) at the post-magmatic stage of the regional history acquired economic abundances. Zircon is therefore indicative of productive ore-magmatic systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: zircon; biotite granite; monzogranite; zinnwaldite granite; ongonite; North Chukotka; Russia zircon; biotite granite; monzogranite; zinnwaldite granite; ongonite; North Chukotka; Russia
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Alekseev, V.I.; Alekseev, I.V. Zircon as a Mineral Indicating the Stage of Granitoid Magmatism at Northern Chukotka, Russia. Geosciences 2020, 10, 194.

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