Comprehensive Resource Utilization of Waste Using the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens (L.)) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)
Ecology and Biological Engineering, School of Environmental Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
Research Center for Environmental Ecology and Engineering, School of Environmental Ecology and Biological Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
Key Laboratory of Novel Reactor and Green Chemical Technology of Hubei Province, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 6 June 2019 / Accepted: 7 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomydiae) is an important resource and environmental protection insect with a large biomass, a high food conversion efficiency, and a high reproductive rate. H. illucens can be applied in environmental ecology and as an effective treatment for organic waste. Due to its broad feeding range, many types of organic waste (such as kitchen waste, livestock excrement, deteriorated fruits and vegetables, crop waste, and food-processing waste) can be converted into proteins, lipids, peptides, amino acids, chitin, vitamins, and polypides. The proteins and amino acids have been used to produce aquaculture feed and feedstuffs with high digestibility. In addition, the grease from H. illucens digestion has been successfully used as a raw material for biodiesel with good performance. Furthermore, the antimicrobial peptides and chitin extracted from H. illucens have high medicinal value. For the full development and utilization of this resource, studies of the biological characteristics of the H. illucens, its resource utilization of proteins and grease, and its environmental applications are crucial.