Next Article in Journal
Genome-Wide Linkage Disequilibrium and the Extent of Effective Population Sizes in Six Chinese Goat Populations Using a 50K Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Panel
Previous Article in Journal
Suggestions to Derive Maximum Stocking Densities for Layer Pullets
Open AccessReview

Comprehensive Resource Utilization of Waste Using the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens (L.)) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)

by Cuncheng Liu 1,2, Cunwen Wang 3,4,* and Huaiying Yao 1,2,*
1
Ecology and Biological Engineering, School of Environmental Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
2
Research Center for Environmental Ecology and Engineering, School of Environmental Ecology and Biological Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
3
Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Process of Ministry of Education, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
4
Key Laboratory of Novel Reactor and Green Chemical Technology of Hubei Province, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430073, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2019, 9(6), 349; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani9060349
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 6 June 2019 / Accepted: 7 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Ecology and Conservation)
The black soldier fly Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomydiae) is an important resource and environmental protection insect with a large biomass, a high food conversion efficiency, and a high reproductive rate. H. illucens can be applied in environmental ecology and as an effective treatment for organic waste. Due to its broad feeding range, many types of organic waste (such as kitchen waste, livestock excrement, deteriorated fruits and vegetables, crop waste, and food-processing waste) can be converted into proteins, lipids, peptides, amino acids, chitin, vitamins, and polypides. The proteins and amino acids have been used to produce aquaculture feed and feedstuffs with high digestibility. In addition, the grease from H. illucens digestion has been successfully used as a raw material for biodiesel with good performance. Furthermore, the antimicrobial peptides and chitin extracted from H. illucens have high medicinal value. For the full development and utilization of this resource, studies of the biological characteristics of the H. illucens, its resource utilization of proteins and grease, and its environmental applications are crucial.
The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), is a saprophytic insect that can digest organic wastes, such as animal manure, plant residues, and food and agricultural wastes. In the degradation process, organic wastes are converted into protein, grease, and polypeptides, which can be applied in medicine, the refining of chemicals, and the manufacturing of feedstuffs. After their conversion by the H. illucens, organic wastes not only become useful but also environmentally friendly. To date, the H. illucens has been widely used to treat food waste and to render manure harmless. The protein and grease obtained via this insect have been successfully used to produce livestock feed and biodiesel. In this article, the biological characteristics, resource utilization of protein and grease, and environmental functions of the H. illucens are summarized. This article provides a theoretical basis for investigating potential applications of the H. illucens. View Full-Text
Keywords: black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens (L.)); organic waste; bioconversion; insect protein; insect grease black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens (L.)); organic waste; bioconversion; insect protein; insect grease
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, C.; Wang, C.; Yao, H. Comprehensive Resource Utilization of Waste Using the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens (L.)) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Animals 2019, 9, 349.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop