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Open AccessArticle

Mechanical Transmission of Lumpy Skin Disease Virus by Stomoxys spp. (Stomoxys calsitrans, Stomoxys sitiens, Stomoxys indica), Diptera: Muscidae

1
Sydney School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, NSW, Australia
2
RGE “Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems” Committee of Science, The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Gvardeiskiy 080409, Kordaiskiy rayon, Zhambylskaya oblast, Republic of Kazakhstan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(3), 477; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10030477
Received: 5 February 2020 / Revised: 3 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 12 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Veterinary Microbiology in Farm Animals)
Samples collected for PCR from recipient animals tested positive in 5 out of 6 cases, while the virus was isolated from 4 of 6 animals. The clinical signs exhibited by recipient animals were mostly moderate in nature with only one severe case. To our knowledge, this is the first time that transmission of LSDV by three Stomoxys species has been demonstrated, and their role as mechanical vectors of LSDV is indicated. View Full-Text
Keywords: lumpy skin disease; stable flies; vector born disease; mechanical transmission lumpy skin disease; stable flies; vector born disease; mechanical transmission
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Issimov, A.; Kutumbetov, L.; Orynbayev, M.B.; Khairullin, B.; Myrzakhmetova, B.; Sultankulova, K.; White, P.J. Mechanical Transmission of Lumpy Skin Disease Virus by Stomoxys spp. (Stomoxys calsitrans, Stomoxys sitiens, Stomoxys indica), Diptera: Muscidae. Animals 2020, 10, 477.

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