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Article

First Molecular Detection of Polychromophilus Parasites in Brazilian Bat Species

1
Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública do Paraná, São José dos Pinhais 83060-500, PR, Brazil
2
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Tropical, Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05403-000, SP, Brazil
3
Laboratório de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias, São Paulo 01027-000b, SP, Brazil
4
Department of Comparative Pathobiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
5
Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba 80035-050, PR, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Graham H. Mitchell
Microorganisms 2021, 9(6), 1240; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061240
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 2 June 2021 / Accepted: 3 June 2021 / Published: 7 June 2021
Blood parasites of the Haemosporida order, such as the Plasmodium spp. responsible for malaria, have become the focus of many studies in evolutionary biology. However, there is a lack of molecular investigation of haemosporidian parasites of wildlife, such as the genus Polychromophilus. Species of this neglected genus exclusively have been described in bats, mainly in Europe, Asia, and Africa, but little is known about its presence and genetic diversity on the American continent. Here, we investigated 406 bats from sites inserted in remnant fragments of the Atlantic Forest and Cerrado biomes and urbanized areas from southern Brazil for the presence of Polychromophilus species by PCR of the mitochondrial cytochrome b encoding gene. A total of 1.2% of bats was positive for Polychromophilus, providing the first molecular information of these parasites in Myotis riparius and Eptesicus diminutus, common vespertilionid bats widely distributed in different Brazilian biomes, and Myotis ruber, an endangered species. A Bayesian analysis was conducted to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships between Polychromophilus recovered from Brazilian bats and those identified elsewhere. Sequences of Brazilian Polychromophilus lineages were placed with P. murinus and in a clade distinct from P. melanipherus, mainly restricted to bats in the family Vespertilionidae. However, the sequences were split into two minor clades, according to the genus of hosts, indicating that P. murinus and a distinct species may be circulating in Brazil. Morphological observations combined with additional molecular studies are needed to conclude and describe these Polychromophilus species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Polychromophilus; bats; phylogeny; Brazil Polychromophilus; bats; phylogeny; Brazil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Minozzo, G.A.; da Silva Mathias, B.; Riediger, I.N.; de Oliveira Guimarães, L.; dos Anjos, C.C.; Monteiro, E.F.; dos Santos, A.P.; Biondo, A.W.; Kirchgatter, K. First Molecular Detection of Polychromophilus Parasites in Brazilian Bat Species. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061240

AMA Style

Minozzo GA, da Silva Mathias B, Riediger IN, de Oliveira Guimarães L, dos Anjos CC, Monteiro EF, dos Santos AP, Biondo AW, Kirchgatter K. First Molecular Detection of Polychromophilus Parasites in Brazilian Bat Species. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(6):1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061240

Chicago/Turabian Style

Minozzo, Guilherme A., Bruno da Silva Mathias, Irina N. Riediger, Lilian de Oliveira Guimarães, Carolina C. dos Anjos, Eliana F. Monteiro, Andrea P. dos Santos, Alexander W. Biondo, and Karin Kirchgatter. 2021. "First Molecular Detection of Polychromophilus Parasites in Brazilian Bat Species" Microorganisms 9, no. 6: 1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061240

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