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Etiology and Symptoms of Maize Leaf Spot Caused by Bipolaris spp. in Sichuan, China

College of Agronomy, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2020, 9(3), 229; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9030229
Received: 13 February 2020 / Revised: 15 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 20 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Pathogens)
Many species of the genus Bipolaris are important plant pathogens and often cause leaf spot, root rot, and seedling blight in an extremely wide range of hosts around the world. In recent years, maize leaf spot caused by Bipolaris species has frequently occurred with complex symptoms and is becoming increasingly serious in Sichuan Province of China. To investigate the population diversity of Bipolaris spp. and their corresponding symptoms in maize, 747 samples of maize leaf spot were collected from 132 sampling sites in 19 administrative districts of Sichuan Province from 2011 to 2018. Based on morphological characteristics, pathogenicity testing, and phylogenetic analysis of the rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) genes, a total of 1186 Bipolaris isolates were identified as B. maydis, B. zeicola, B. cynodontis, B. oryzae, B. setariae, and B. saccharicola, among which B. maydis and B. zeicola were the dominant pathogenic species, accounting for 57.34% and 42.07% of the isolates, respectively. We found that B. zeicola isolates were mainly distributed in high altitude and cool mountainous areas, while B. maydis was more widely distributed in Sichuan Province. The typical symptoms caused by the Bipolaris species were clearly distinct in maize. The typical symptoms caused by B. maydis were elongated strip lesions, or fusiform, elliptical lesions, and those caused by B. zeicola were narrow linear lesions. Herein, B. saccharicola was first reported on maize and caused subrotund lesions. This study provides useful information for disease diagnosis and management for Bipolaris leaf spot in maize. View Full-Text
Keywords: maize leaf spot; Bipolaris; identification; symptom; diagnosis maize leaf spot; Bipolaris; identification; symptom; diagnosis
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Sun, X.; Qi, X.; Wang, W.; Liu, X.; Zhao, H.; Wu, C.; Chang, X.; Zhang, M.; Chen, H.; Gong, G. Etiology and Symptoms of Maize Leaf Spot Caused by Bipolaris spp. in Sichuan, China. Pathogens 2020, 9, 229.

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