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The Use of Lactic Acid Bacteria as a Probiotic in Swine Diets

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University, No. 2, Yuanmingyuan West Road, Beijing 100193, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guolong Zhang
Pathogens 2015, 4(1), 34-45;
Received: 6 November 2014 / Revised: 22 December 2014 / Accepted: 22 January 2015 / Published: 27 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternatives to Antibiotics: Current Strategies and Future Prospects)
As the resistance of pathogens to antibiotics and the possibility of antibiotic residues in animal products attract increasing attention, the interest in the use of alternatives to in-feed antibiotics has been growing. Recent research with Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in pigs suggests that LAB provide a potential alternative to antibiotic strategies. LAB include Lactobacillus species, Bifidobacterium spp, Bacillus spp, and some other microbes. LAB can adjust the intestinal environment, inhibit or kill pathogens in the gastrointestinal tract and improve the microbial balance in the intestine, as well as regulate intestinal mucosal immunity and maintain intestinal barrier function, thereby benefiting the health of pigs. The related mechanisms for these effects of LAB may include producing microbicidal substances with effects against gastrointestinal pathogens and other harmful microbes, competing with pathogens for binding sites on the intestinal epithelial cell surface and mucin as well as stimulating the immune system. In this review, the characteristics of LAB and their probiotic effects in newborn piglets, weaned piglets, growing pigs and sows are documented. View Full-Text
Keywords: probiotics; lactic acid bacteria; pigs; antibiotic alternatives probiotics; lactic acid bacteria; pigs; antibiotic alternatives
MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, F.; Hou, C.; Zeng, X.; Qiao, S. The Use of Lactic Acid Bacteria as a Probiotic in Swine Diets. Pathogens 2015, 4, 34-45.

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