Next Article in Journal
Special Issue: “Infection in Honey Bees: Host–Pathogen Interaction and Spillover”
Next Article in Special Issue
African Swine Fever Survey in a European Context
Previous Article in Journal
Vaccines for Mycoplasma Diseases of Small Ruminants: A Neglected Area of Research
Previous Article in Special Issue
Comparative Analysis of Full Genome Sequences of African Swine Fever Virus Isolates Taken from Wild Boars in Russia in 2019
Article

Quantitative Risk Assessment of African Swine Fever Introduction into Spain by Legal Import of Live Pigs

1
VISAVET Health Surveillance Centre, Animal Health Department, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Animal Health Research Centre (CISA-INIA/CSIC), 28130 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Natasha N. Gaudreault
Pathogens 2022, 11(1), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11010076
Received: 18 December 2021 / Revised: 4 January 2022 / Accepted: 6 January 2022 / Published: 8 January 2022
African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating infectious disease of pigs that is threatening the global swine industry at present. The current spread of ASF in Europe and its recent incursion into Germany pose a serious risk to Spain, one of the world’s leading pig producers. A quantitative stochastic risk assessment model was developed to estimate the probability of ASF introduction into Spain via the legal import of live pigs. The results suggest a low annual probability of ASF introduction into Spain (1.07 × 10−4), the highest risk being concentrated in Central European countries (Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg) during the months of April and February. The methods and results presented herein could contribute to improving prevention and control strategies and, ultimately, would help reduce the risk of ASF introduction into Spain. View Full-Text
Keywords: African swine fever; import; live pig; quantitative risk assessment; Spain African swine fever; import; live pig; quantitative risk assessment; Spain
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Muñoz-Pérez, C.; Bosch, J.; Ito, S.; Martínez-Avilés, M.; Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J.M. Quantitative Risk Assessment of African Swine Fever Introduction into Spain by Legal Import of Live Pigs. Pathogens 2022, 11, 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11010076

AMA Style

Muñoz-Pérez C, Bosch J, Ito S, Martínez-Avilés M, Sánchez-Vizcaíno JM. Quantitative Risk Assessment of African Swine Fever Introduction into Spain by Legal Import of Live Pigs. Pathogens. 2022; 11(1):76. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11010076

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muñoz-Pérez, Carolina, Jaime Bosch, Satoshi Ito, Marta Martínez-Avilés, and José M. Sánchez-Vizcaíno. 2022. "Quantitative Risk Assessment of African Swine Fever Introduction into Spain by Legal Import of Live Pigs" Pathogens 11, no. 1: 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens11010076

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop