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Buildings 2018, 8(4), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8040049

Characteristics of Thermal Comfort Conditions in Cold Rural Areas of China: A Case study of Stone Dwellings in a Tibetan Village

1
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan, China
2
School of Engineering and Built Environment, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4215, Australia
3
Faculty of Society and Design, Mirvac School of Sustainable Development, Bond University, Robina, QLD 4226, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 March 2018 / Revised: 20 March 2018 / Accepted: 20 March 2018 / Published: 26 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Factors in Green Building)
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Abstract

This paper focuses on thermal environmental conditions in the stone dwellings of a Tibetan village in Danba County, Sichuan, China, in winter. During the study, field measurements and subjective survey studies were collected, simultaneously, to provide a comprehensive understanding of the thermal comfort conditions that were experienced by residents in cold rural areas of Sichuan. Subjective surveys involved questions about thermal comfort perceptions and acceptability in cold conditions. The status of thermal comfort and characteristics of indoor environmental qualities were investigated in the study. The majority of survey participants (47% and 74%) voted as “slightly cool” for temperature, and “slightly dry” for humidity in the studied typical winter days, respectively. The available adaptive opportunities for the residents were investigated through the survey studies. Adjusting clothing, drinking hot beverages, blocking air infiltration through windows, and changing activities were the most common adaptive measures. An adaptive coefficient ( λ ) was determined based on adaptive predicted mean votes (aPMV) models using least square methods to assess the different adaptation measures in the region. Findings of this study provided a valuable reference for thermal comfort adaptations in cold climates, where limited adaptive opportunities were available due to the low standard of living. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tibetan village in Sichuan Province; thermal environment; adaptive thermal comfort; adaptive coefficient; stone dwelling Tibetan village in Sichuan Province; thermal environment; adaptive thermal comfort; adaptive coefficient; stone dwelling
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Cheng, B.; Fu, Y.; Khoshbakht, M.; Duan, L.; Zhang, J.; Rashidian, S. Characteristics of Thermal Comfort Conditions in Cold Rural Areas of China: A Case study of Stone Dwellings in a Tibetan Village. Buildings 2018, 8, 49.

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