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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Demand Response Technology Readiness Levels for Energy Management in Blocks of Buildings

School of Science and Engineering, and Design, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, Tees Valley TS1 3BX, UK
Tyndall Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Siemens plc, Fairburn House, Green Lane, Garforth, Leeds LS25 2AF, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2018, 8(2), 13;
Received: 22 September 2017 / Revised: 6 December 2017 / Accepted: 15 January 2018 / Published: 24 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from Sustainable Places 2017 (SP2017) Conference)
Fossil fuels deliver most of the flexibility in contemporary electricity systems. The pressing need to reduce CO2 emissions requires new methods to provide this flexibility. Demand response (DR) offers consumers a significant role in the delivery of flexibility by reducing or shifting their electricity usage during periods of stress or constraint. Blocks of buildings offer more flexibility in the timing and use of energy than single buildings, however, and a lack of relevant scalable ICT tools hampers DR in blocks of buildings. To ameliorate this problem, a current innovation project called “Demand Response in Blocks of Buildings” (DR-BoB: has integrated existing technologies into a scalable cloud-based solution for DR in blocks of buildings. The degree to which the DR-BoB energy management solution can increase the ability of any given site to participate in DR is dependent upon its current energy systems, i.e., the energy metering, the telemetry and control technologies in building management systems, and the existence/capacity of local power generation and storage plants. To encourage the owners and managers of blocks of buildings to participate in DR, a method of assessing and validating the technological readiness to participate in DR energy management solutions at any given site is required. This paper describes the DR-BoB energy management solution and outlines what we have called the demand response technology readiness levels (DRTRLs) for the implementation of such a solution in blocks of buildings. View Full-Text
Keywords: demand response (DR); block of buildings; technology readiness level (TRL) demand response (DR); block of buildings; technology readiness level (TRL)
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Crosbie, T.; Broderick, J.; Short, M.; Charlesworth, R.; Dawood, M. Demand Response Technology Readiness Levels for Energy Management in Blocks of Buildings. Buildings 2018, 8, 13.

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