Next Article in Journal
Contribution of Portuguese Vernacular Building Strategies to Indoor Thermal Comfort and Occupants’ Perception
Previous Article in Journal
Energy Performance of Two Multi-Story Wood-Frame Passive Houses in Sweden
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Environmental Design of Working Spaces in Equatorial Highlands Zones: The Case of Bogotá
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Buildings 2015, 5(4), 1221-1241;

A Methodology to Support Decision-Making Towards an Energy-Efficiency Conscious Design of Residential Building Envelope Retrofitting

Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 134, 2628BL Delft, The Netherlands
Academic Editor: David Dernie
Received: 24 September 2015 / Revised: 22 October 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 17 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Buildings, Design and Climate Change)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1326 KB, uploaded 17 November 2015]   |  


Over the next decade investment in building energy savings needs to increase, together with the rate and depth of renovations, to achieve the required reduction in building-related CO2 emissions. Although the need to improve residential buildings has been identified, guidelines come as general suggestions that fail to address the diversity of each project and give specific answers on how these requirements can be implemented in the design. During early design phases, architects are in search of a design direction to make informed decisions, particularly with regard to the building envelope, which mostly regulates energy demand. To result in an energy-efficient residential stock, this paper proposes a methodology to support refurbishment strategies design. The methodology, called “façade refurbishment toolbox (FRT) approach”, is based on compiling and quantifying retrofitting measures that can be also seen as “tools” used to upgrade the building’s energy performance. The result of the proposed methodology enables designers to make informed decisions that lead to energy and sustainability conscious designs, without dictating an optimal solution, from the energy point of view alone. Its applicability is validated through interviews with refurbishment stakeholders. View Full-Text
Keywords: refurbishment; residential energy upgrade; design process refurbishment; residential energy upgrade; design process

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Konstantinou, T. A Methodology to Support Decision-Making Towards an Energy-Efficiency Conscious Design of Residential Building Envelope Retrofitting. Buildings 2015, 5, 1221-1241.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Buildings EISSN 2075-5309 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top