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The Dehydrogenation Mechanism and Reversibility of LiBH4 Doped by Active Al Derived from AlH3

1
Key Laboratory of Air-driven Equipment Technology of Zhejiang Province, Quzhou University, Quzhou 324000, China
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(5), 559; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9050559
Received: 10 April 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metals in Hydrogen Technology)
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Abstract

A detailed analysis of the dehydrogenation mechanism and reversibility of LiBH4 doped by as-derived Al (denoted Al*) from AlH3 was performed by thermogravimetry (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), mass spectral analysis (MS), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results show that the dehydrogenation of LiBH4/Al* is a five-step reaction: (1) LiBH4 + Al → LiH + AlB2 + “Li-Al-B-H” + B2H6 + H2; (2) the decomposition of “Li-Al-B-H” compounds liberating H2; (3) 2LiBH4 + Al → 2LiH + AlB2 + 3H2; (4) LiBH4 → LiH + B + 3/2H2; and (5) LiH + Al → LiAl + 1/2H2. Furthermore, the reversibility of the LiBH4/Al* composite is based on the following reaction: LiH + LiAl + AlB2 + 7/2H2 ↔ 2LiBH4 + 2Al. The extent of the dehydrogenation reaction between LiBH4 and Al* greatly depends on the precipitation and growth of reaction products (LiH, AlB2, and LiAl) on the surface of Al*. A passivation shell formed by these products on the Al* is the kinetic barrier to the dehydrogenation of the LiBH4/Al* composite. View Full-Text
Keywords: LiBH4; Al; dehydrogenation mechanism; kinetic properties; reversibility LiBH4; Al; dehydrogenation mechanism; kinetic properties; reversibility
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He, Q.; Zhu, D.; Wu, X.; Dong, D.; Jiang, X.; Xu, M. The Dehydrogenation Mechanism and Reversibility of LiBH4 Doped by Active Al Derived from AlH3. Metals 2019, 9, 559.

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