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Article

Structure and Properties of Ti-Al-Ta and Ti-Al-Cr Cladding Layers Fabricated on Titanium

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Research Laboratory of Physical and Chemical Technologies and Functional Materials, Materials Science Department, Novosibirsk State Technical University, Karl Marks Str. 20, 630073 Novosibirsk, Russia
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Laboratory of Industrial Accelerators, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics of Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Lavrentiev Avenue 11, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
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Helmholtz Zentrum Hereon, Institute of Materials Physics, Max-Planck-Straße 1, 21502 Geesthacht, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maciej Motyka, Thomas Niendorf and Frank Czerwinski
Metals 2021, 11(7), 1139; https://doi.org/10.3390/met11071139
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 16 July 2021 / Accepted: 16 July 2021 / Published: 19 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ti-Based Alloys)
Being one of the most high-demand structural materials, titanium has several disadvantages, including low resistance to high-temperature oxidation and wear. The properties of titanium and its alloys can be improved by applying protective intermetallic coatings. In this study, 2 mm thick Ti-Al-Ta and Ti-Al-Cr layers were obtained on titanium workpieces by a non-vacuum electron-beam cladding. The microstructure and phase compositions of the samples were different for various alloying elements. The Cr-containing layer consisted of α2, γ, and B2 phases, while the Ta-containing layer additionally consisted of ω′ phase (P3¯m1). At the same atomic concentrations of aluminum and an alloying element in both layers, the volume fraction of the B2/ω phase in the Ti-41Al-7Ta alloy was significantly lower than in the Ti-41Al-7Cr alloy, and the amount of γ phase was higher. The Ti-41Al-7Cr layer had the highest wear resistance (2.1 times higher than that of titanium). The maximum oxidation resistance (8 times higher compared to titanium) was observed for the Ti-41Al-7Ta layer. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-vacuum electron beam cladding; titanium aluminides; ω-phase; oxidation; wear non-vacuum electron beam cladding; titanium aluminides; ω-phase; oxidation; wear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lazurenko, D.V.; Golkovsky, M.G.; Stark, A.; Pyczak, F.; Bataev, I.A.; Ruktuev, A.A.; Petrov, I.Y.; Laptev, I.S. Structure and Properties of Ti-Al-Ta and Ti-Al-Cr Cladding Layers Fabricated on Titanium. Metals 2021, 11, 1139. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11071139

AMA Style

Lazurenko DV, Golkovsky MG, Stark A, Pyczak F, Bataev IA, Ruktuev AA, Petrov IY, Laptev IS. Structure and Properties of Ti-Al-Ta and Ti-Al-Cr Cladding Layers Fabricated on Titanium. Metals. 2021; 11(7):1139. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11071139

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lazurenko, Daria V., Mikhail G. Golkovsky, Andreas Stark, Florian Pyczak, Ivan A. Bataev, Alexey A. Ruktuev, Ivan Y. Petrov, and Ilia S. Laptev 2021. "Structure and Properties of Ti-Al-Ta and Ti-Al-Cr Cladding Layers Fabricated on Titanium" Metals 11, no. 7: 1139. https://doi.org/10.3390/met11071139

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