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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of Heat Input on the Microstructure and Properties of Wire-Arc-Additive-Manufactured Al-Cu-Sn Alloy Deposits

1
Northeastern University School of Materials and Metallurgy, Shenyang 110000, China
2
Inner Mongolia Metal Material Research Institute, Baotou 014000, China
3
Fushun Donggong Metallurgy & Materials Technology Co., Ltd., Fushun 113000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(1), 79; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10010079
Received: 1 December 2019 / Revised: 25 December 2019 / Accepted: 30 December 2019 / Published: 2 January 2020
In this experiment, Al-Cu-Sn alloy was used as raw material to form deposits with different heat input using the wire-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) process. The effects of heat input on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Cu-Sn alloy deposits were investigated by metallography, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and mechanical properties tests. The results show that with increased of heat input, the thickness of the deposits increased and the layer height of the deposits increased. The number and size of pores in the deposits also improved with the increased heat input. The grain size of the deposits in the as-deposited state gradually increased and changed from isometric crystals to columnar crystals, the precipitated θ phases gradually converged on the grain boundary from within the grains. After T6 heat treatment, with increased heat input, the number of unsolved θ phases on the grain boundary increased, and the number of θ phases precipitated out of the matrix decreased as the phase spacing increased. With the increased heat input, the mechanical properties of the deposits gradually decreased, and the fracture mode changed from ductile fracture to brittle fracture. View Full-Text
Keywords: Al-Cu-Sn alloy; WAAM; heat input; microstructure; mechanical property Al-Cu-Sn alloy; WAAM; heat input; microstructure; mechanical property
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Wang, S.; Gu, H.; Wang, W.; Li, C.; Ren, L.; Wang, Z.; Zhai, Y.; Ma, P. The Influence of Heat Input on the Microstructure and Properties of Wire-Arc-Additive-Manufactured Al-Cu-Sn Alloy Deposits. Metals 2020, 10, 79.

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