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Open AccessArticle

Thermal Fatigue Properties of H13 Hot-Work Tool Steels Processed by Selective Laser Melting

1
State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology, School of Materials Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(1), 116; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10010116
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 25 December 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 12 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additive Manufacturing of Metals with Lasers)
Currently, selective laser melting (SLM) is gaining widespread popularity as an alternative manufacturing technique for complex and customized parts, especially for hot-work and injection molding applications. In the present study, as the major factors for the failure of H13 hot-work die steels during hot-working, thermal fatigue (TF) properties of H13 processed by SLM and a conventional technique were investigated. TF tests (650 °C/30 °C) were conducted on the as-selective laser melted (As-SLMed), thermally treated selective laser melted (T-SLMed), and forged (Forged) H13. Results show that the As-SLMed H13 exhibited the best TF resistance properties among the specimens herein (the shortest total crack length and highest hardness of 687 ± 12 HV5), whereas the Forged H13 exhibited the poorest TF resistance properties (the longest total crack length and lowest hardness of 590 ± 11 HV5) after TF tests. TF resistance properties were closely related to the initial and final hardness. Further microstructural investigations revealed that the typical cell-like substructures, increased amount of retained austenite, and most importantly, refined grain size were the main reasons for the improved TF resistance properties in the As-SLMed H13 compared to the Forged counterparts. View Full-Text
Keywords: selective laser melting (SLM); tool steel; thermal fatigue; hardness; microstructure selective laser melting (SLM); tool steel; thermal fatigue; hardness; microstructure
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Wang, M.; Wu, Y.; Wei, Q.; Shi, Y. Thermal Fatigue Properties of H13 Hot-Work Tool Steels Processed by Selective Laser Melting. Metals 2020, 10, 116.

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