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Insects 2018, 9(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9010013

Black Border Increases Stomoxys calcitrans Catch on White Sticky Traps

Sustainable Agri-Food Sciences Division, Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, 18a Newforge Lane, Belfast BT9 5PX, Northern Ireland, UK
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Received: 16 December 2017 / Revised: 31 January 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 2 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Monitoring and Trapping in Agricultural Systems)
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Abstract

Stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is a biting fly that can cause severe irritation to livestock resulting in reduced productivity. The most common method of monitoring S. calcitrans is through the use of sticky traps and many designs have been developed using different colours and materials such as alsynite fibreglass and polypropylene sheeting. Laboratory experiments and some field experimentation have demonstrated that colour contrast can attract S. calcitrans. However, this response has not been fully utilised in trap design. To test that simple colour contrast could increase trap efficacy, white sticky traps were mounted on three differently coloured backgrounds (white, yellow, and black) and positioned at five sites on a mixed livestock farm. White sticky traps on a black background caught significantly more S. calcitrans than the yellow or white backgrounds. An incidental result was that Pollenia sp. were caught in greater numbers on the yellow framed traps. The reasons for S. calcitrans attraction to black–white contrast are most likely due to conspicuousness in the environment although the extent to which flies are using this feature as a host-location cue or a perching site are unknown. View Full-Text
Keywords: stable fly; trap; contrast; farmyard; Pollenia; livestock stable fly; trap; contrast; farmyard; Pollenia; livestock
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Murchie, A.K.; Hall, C.E.; Gordon, A.W.; Clawson, S. Black Border Increases Stomoxys calcitrans Catch on White Sticky Traps. Insects 2018, 9, 13.

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