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Article

Mosquito-Textile Physics: A Mathematical Roadmap to Insecticide-Free, Bite-Proof Clothing for Everyday Life

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Department of Forest Biomaterials, College of Natural Resources, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
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Department of Textile Engineering, Chemistry and Science, Wilson College of Textiles, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
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Department of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, Wilson College of Textiles, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
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Institut für Textiltechnik der RWTH, Aachen University, 52062 Aachen, Germany
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Department of Entomology & Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
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Comparative Medicine Institute, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rosemary S. Lees
Insects 2021, 12(7), 636; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070636
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 7 July 2021 / Accepted: 9 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insecticides for Mosquito Control: Strengthening the Evidence Base)
Mosquitoes can bite across clothing and transmit disease. This is prevented with pesticides applied to clothing. We developed non-insecticidal cloth and garments that provided 100% protection, were comfortable and look-like and feel-like regular clothing.
Garments treated with chemical insecticides are commonly used to prevent mosquito bites. Resistance to insecticides, however, is threatening the efficacy of this technology, and people are increasingly concerned about the potential health impacts of wearing insecticide-treated clothing. Here, we report a mathematical model for fabric barriers that resist bites from Aedes aegypti mosquitoes based on textile physical structure and no insecticides. The model was derived from mosquito morphometrics and analysis of mosquito biting behavior. Woven filter fabrics, precision polypropylene plates, and knitted fabrics were used for model validation. Then, based on the model predictions, prototype knitted textiles and garments were developed that prevented mosquito biting, and comfort testing showed the garments to possess superior thermophysiological properties. Our fabrics provided a three-times greater bite resistance than the insecticide-treated cloth. Our predictive model can be used to develop additional textiles in the future for garments that are highly bite resistant to mosquitoes. View Full-Text
Keywords: mosquito; bite-proof garment; model; textile; non-insecticidal; physical barrier mosquito; bite-proof garment; model; textile; non-insecticidal; physical barrier
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luan, K.; West, A.J.; McCord, M.G.; DenHartog, E.A.; Shi, Q.; Bettermann, I.; Li, J.; Travanty, N.V.; Mitchell, R.D., III; Cave, G.L.; Strider, J.B.; Wang, Y.; Neumann, F.; Beck, T.; Apperson, C.S.; Roe, R.M. Mosquito-Textile Physics: A Mathematical Roadmap to Insecticide-Free, Bite-Proof Clothing for Everyday Life. Insects 2021, 12, 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070636

AMA Style

Luan K, West AJ, McCord MG, DenHartog EA, Shi Q, Bettermann I, Li J, Travanty NV, Mitchell RD III, Cave GL, Strider JB, Wang Y, Neumann F, Beck T, Apperson CS, Roe RM. Mosquito-Textile Physics: A Mathematical Roadmap to Insecticide-Free, Bite-Proof Clothing for Everyday Life. Insects. 2021; 12(7):636. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070636

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luan, Kun, Andre J. West, Marian G. McCord, Emiel A. DenHartog, Quan Shi, Isa Bettermann, Jiayin Li, Nicholas V. Travanty, Robert D. Mitchell III, Grayson L. Cave, John B. Strider, Yongxin Wang, Florian Neumann, Tobias Beck, Charles S. Apperson, and R. M. Roe. 2021. "Mosquito-Textile Physics: A Mathematical Roadmap to Insecticide-Free, Bite-Proof Clothing for Everyday Life" Insects 12, no. 7: 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070636

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