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Open AccessArticle

Hazard Mapping of Subterranean Termite Attacks in Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Forestry Department, Faculty of Forestry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, Indonesia
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Insects 2020, 11(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11010031
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 16 December 2019 / Accepted: 20 December 2019 / Published: 31 December 2019
Termites are distributed throughout the world and often cause economic losses. This study aims to; (1) analyze the relationship between the distribution of termite species and the environmental conditions of Makassar city; (2) determine the level of attack in the Makassar City; and (3) map the risk of termite attack in the Makassar City. Samples of Pinus merkusii (2 × 2 × 20 cm) were placed at 13 observation stations and covered using polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tubes (4″ in diameter, 25-cm in length). Samples remained in place for 6 months, at which point the presence of termite attacks as well as their intensity and frequency were analyzed. Three species of termites were found among the 13 stations: Schedorhinotermes sp., Coptotermes gestroi, and Microcerotermes serrula. Their presence was significantly influenced by environmental factors at each station. The study results showed a low rate of attack in several subdistricts of Bontoala, Biring Kanaya, Makassar, Mamajang, Mariso, Manggala, Panakukang, Rappocini, Tallo, Tamalanrea, Tamalate, Ujung Pandang, Ujung Tanah, and Wajo districts. A medium level of attacks was found in subdistricts within Biring Kanaya, Manggala, Mamajang, Panakukang, Rappocini, and Tallo Districts. Finally, a high risk of termite attacks was present in several subdistricts of Biringkanaya, Tamalantera, Rappocini, Manggala, and Tamalate districts. View Full-Text
Keywords: south sulawesi; Schedorhinotermes sp.; Coptotermes gestroi; Microcerotermes serrula south sulawesi; Schedorhinotermes sp.; Coptotermes gestroi; Microcerotermes serrula
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Arif, A.; Putri, G.; Muin, M. Hazard Mapping of Subterranean Termite Attacks in Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Insects 2020, 11, 31.

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