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Insects 2019, 10(4), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10040090

Insights into the Maternal Ancestry of Côte d’Ivoire Honeybees Using the Intergenic Region COI-COII

1
Climate Change Biology Research Group, State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
2
Institute of Apicultural Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
3
Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
4
Station d’écologie de Lamto, Université Nangui Abrogoua, Abidjan BP 28, Côte d’Ivoire
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 14 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 29 March 2019
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Abstract

Honeybee populations in Côte d’Ivoire have been previously identified as belonging to one subspecies, Apis mellifera scutellata, but other studies have since reported a mixed population consisting of A. m. adansonii and A. m. jemenitica. The population structure and the geographic distribution of honeybees in Côte d’Ivoire remain unclear. This study aimed to profile the population structure of honeybees and their biogeography in Côte d’Ivoire. A total of 33 honeybee colonies were sampled from 15 localities to investigate the maternal ancestry of indigenous honeybee populations using the DraI COI-COII mtDNA test. The results revealed that the honeybee population in Côte d’Ivoire is composed of African haplotypes, all belonging to the AI sublineage. Haplotypes A1 and A4 were recorded with five new sequence variants, including three types of haplotype A1 and two types of haplotype A4. The A1e variant was the most frequent in the A. m. adansonii distributional area. The distribution of the haplotype variants was correlated with the climate pattern in Côte d’Ivoire. This is the first study in Côte d’Ivoire that gives insights into the biogeography and mitotype structure of the local honeybee populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Apis mellifera; genetic diversity; haplotypes; Côte d’Ivoire; population structure Apis mellifera; genetic diversity; haplotypes; Côte d’Ivoire; population structure
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Coulibaly, K.A.S.; Majeed, M.Z.; Chen, C.; YEO, K.; Shi, W.; Ma, C.-S. Insights into the Maternal Ancestry of Côte d’Ivoire Honeybees Using the Intergenic Region COI-COII. Insects 2019, 10, 90.

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