Clinical Pharmacogenetics of Cytochrome P450-Associated Drugs in Children
AbstractCytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are commonly involved in drug metabolism, and genetic variation in the genes encoding CYPs are associated with variable drug response. While genotype-guided therapy has been clinically implemented in adults, these associations are less well established for pediatric patients. In order to understand the frequency of pediatric exposures to drugs with known CYP interactions, we compiled all actionable drug–CYP interactions with a high level of evidence using Clinical Pharmacogenomic Implementation Consortium (CPIC) data and surveyed 10 years of electronic health records (EHR) data for the number of children exposed to CYP-associated drugs. Subsequently, we performed a focused literature review for drugs commonly used in pediatrics, defined as more than 5000 pediatric patients exposed in the decade-long EHR cohort. There were 48 drug–CYP interactions with a high level of evidence in the CPIC database. Of those, only 10 drugs were commonly used in children (ondansetron, oxycodone, codeine, omeprazole, lansoprazole, sertraline, amitriptyline, citalopram, escitalopram, and risperidone). For these drugs, reports of the drug–CYP interaction in cohorts including children were sparse. There are adequate data for implementation of genotype-guided therapy for children for three of the 10 commonly used drugs (codeine, omeprazole and lansoprazole). For the majority of commonly used drugs with known CYP interactions, more data are required to support pharmacogenomic implementation in children. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Aka, I.; Bernal, C.J.; Carroll, R.; Maxwell-Horn, A.; Oshikoya, K.A.; Van Driest, S.L. Clinical Pharmacogenetics of Cytochrome P450-Associated Drugs in Children. J. Pers. Med. 2017, 7, 14.
Aka I, Bernal CJ, Carroll R, Maxwell-Horn A, Oshikoya KA, Van Driest SL. Clinical Pharmacogenetics of Cytochrome P450-Associated Drugs in Children. Journal of Personalized Medicine. 2017; 7(4):14.Chicago/Turabian Style
Aka, Ida; Bernal, Christiana J.; Carroll, Robert; Maxwell-Horn, Angela; Oshikoya, Kazeem A.; Van Driest, Sara L. 2017. "Clinical Pharmacogenetics of Cytochrome P450-Associated Drugs in Children." J. Pers. Med. 7, no. 4: 14.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.