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Open AccessCase Report

Identification and Characterization of Nasal Polyposis and Mycoplasma Superinfection by Scanning Electron Microscopy and Nasal Cytology with Optical Microscopy: A Case Report

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ENT Department, AIAS Structure of Afragola, Contrada Leutrec snc, 80021 Naples, Italy
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Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, via Cintia, 21, 80126 Naples, Italy
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Service Biotech s.r.l., 80132 Napoli, Italy
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ENT Outpatient Clinic at Scafati Hospital ASL SA, 84018 Salerno, Italy
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Department of Agricultural Science, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università 100, 80045 Portici (NA), Italy
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Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples Federico II, via Pansini, 5, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diagnostics 2019, 9(4), 174; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9040174
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 29 October 2019 / Accepted: 2 November 2019 / Published: 4 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Chronic Respiratory Disease Diagnosis)
Nasal polyposis is characterized by benign, non-cancerous and painless growths originating in the tissue of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses. Polyps arise from chronic inflammation due to asthma, recurrent infections, allergies, drug sensitivity or immune disorders. They can obstruct the nasal cavities and thus cause respiratory problems, a reduction in the sense of smell and susceptibility to infections. Furthermore, nasal polyps can recur. Hence the importance of using valid diagnostic methods. In this work, the diagnostic investigation carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nasal cytology led, for the first time, to the identification of a mycoplasma superinfection on nasal polyposis. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycoplasma; nasal cytology; nasal polyposis; optical microscopy; scanning electron microscopy mycoplasma; nasal cytology; nasal polyposis; optical microscopy; scanning electron microscopy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Caruso, A.A.; Viola, V.; Del Prete, S.; Leo, S.; Marasco, D.; Fulgione, A.; Naviglio, D.; Gallo, M. Identification and Characterization of Nasal Polyposis and Mycoplasma Superinfection by Scanning Electron Microscopy and Nasal Cytology with Optical Microscopy: A Case Report. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 174.

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