Next Article in Journal
Four Different Carotid Atherosclerotic Behaviors Based on Luminal Stenosis and Plaque Characteristics in Symptomatic Patients: An in Vivo Study
Previous Article in Journal
A Pervasive Healthcare System for COPD Patients
Open AccessArticle

Serum Anti-Müllerian Hormone in the Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Association with Clinical Symptoms

1
Biochemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80218, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80205, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
3
Center of Innovation in Personalized Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80216, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diagnostics 2019, 9(4), 136; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9040136
Received: 6 September 2019 / Revised: 26 September 2019 / Accepted: 28 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most prevalent endocrine diseases affecting women of reproductive age. The pathogeny of PCOS is still not completely understood, but one contributing factor that has been proposed is anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). There is currently no clear correlation between levels of AMH and incidence of PCOS in Saudi Arabian patients. The goal of this study was to determine the threshold of AMH and correlate it with PCOS clinical features to facilitate a proper diagnosis for PCOS. In this case-control study, we recruited 79 PCOS women and 69 normal ovulatory women; PCOS patients were diagnosed according to the Rotterdam criterion. On days 2–4 of the menstrual cycle, transvaginal/abdominal ultrasound was performed and serum levels of AMH, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were measured for all participants. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the AMH diagnostic cut-off at 3.19 ng/mL, with 72% sensitivity and 70% specificity; AMH > 3.19 ng/mL was significantly correlated with PCOS. High AMH levels were correlated with age at menarche, polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM), and oligo/amenorrhea. Serum AMH is a promising diagnostic marker of ovarian dysfunction in PCOS patients especially in cases in which the evaluation of PCOM was complicated. View Full-Text
Keywords: polycystic ovary syndrome; anti-Müllerian hormone; oligo/amenorrhea; hyperandrogenism polycystic ovary syndrome; anti-Müllerian hormone; oligo/amenorrhea; hyperandrogenism
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmed, N.; Batarfi, A.A.; Bajouh, O.S.; Bakhashab, S. Serum Anti-Müllerian Hormone in the Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Association with Clinical Symptoms. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 136.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop