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Combining Point-of-Care Diagnostics and Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) to Combat the COVID-19 Pandemic

Saliva—Friend and Foe in the COVID-19 Outbreak

School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diagnostics 2020, 10(5), 290;
Received: 21 April 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 7 May 2020 / Published: 9 May 2020
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has become a global ongoing pandemic. Timely, accurate and non-invasive SARS-CoV-2 detection in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients, as well as determination of their immune status, will facilitate effective large-scale pandemic control measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Saliva is a biofluid whose anatomical source and location is of particularly strategic relevance to COVID-19 transmission and monitoring. This review focuses on the role of saliva as both a foe (a common mode of viral transmission via salivary droplets and potentially aerosols) and a friend (as a non-invasive diagnostic tool for viral detection and immune status surveillance) in combating COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; salivary diagnostics; salivary bioaerosols transmission COVID-19; salivary diagnostics; salivary bioaerosols transmission
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Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Han, P.; Ivanovski, S. Saliva—Friend and Foe in the COVID-19 Outbreak. Diagnostics 2020, 10, 290.

AMA Style

Han P, Ivanovski S. Saliva—Friend and Foe in the COVID-19 Outbreak. Diagnostics. 2020; 10(5):290.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Han, Pingping, and Sašo Ivanovski. 2020. "Saliva—Friend and Foe in the COVID-19 Outbreak" Diagnostics 10, no. 5: 290.

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