Frequency distribution of zircon U–Pb ages has been commonly utilized to interpret the age of a magmatic event. Anomalies in age peaks are related to plate movement caused by mantle convection during the formation of supercontinents and continent crust growth. In this paper, a singularity analysis method (frequency anomalies) is used to analyze a dataset (n = 823, discordance lower than 10%) of zircon U–Pb ages from the Great Xing’an Range (GXR), in order to characterize the causal relationship between age transitions and Pacific Plate subduction. The number-age plot result shows that there is a peak around at 125 Ma, and the log–log plot reveals that there are two transitional ages (knee points) at 125 Ma and 145 Ma. The age densities of the peak at 125 Ma and the transition at 145 Ma can both be fitted by power law functions, which indicate transitional ages have the characteristic of singularity. Combined with the subduction geological background in the late Mesozoic, the possible singularity mechanisms corresponding to the age peak at 125 Ma and the transition at 145 Ma are slab rollback and slab breakoff of the Pacific Plate, which is consistent with conclusions from geology and geochemistry. This result suggests that singularity analysis can be used as a new method to quantitatively characterize volcanic activities and tectonic setting in geological processes.
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