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Article

Improvement of Properties of Stainless Steel Orthodontic Archwire Using TiO2:Ag Coating

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Department of Dentofacial Orthopedics and Orthodontics, Wroclaw Medical University, Krakowska 26, 50-425 Wrocław, Poland
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Department of Mechanics, Materials and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Smoluchowskiego 25, 50-372 Wrocław, Poland
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Academic Dental Polyclinic of Dental Center of Technology Transfer Ltd., Krakowska Str. 26, 50-425 Wroclaw, Poland
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Department of Integrated Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Krakowska 26, 50-425 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jerzy Malachowski, Adam Ciszkiewicz, Grzegorz Milewski and Takashiro Akitsu
Symmetry 2021, 13(9), 1734; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091734
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 18 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry Applied in Biomechanics and Mechanical Engineering)
Orthodontic treatment carries the risk of major complications such as enamel demineralization, tooth decay, gingivitis, and periodontal damage. A large number of elements of fixed orthodontic appliance results in the creation of additional plaque retention sites which increase the risk of biofilm creation. Modification of the surface of orthodontic elements may prevent the formation of bacterial biofilm. In this paper, surface modification of stainless steel orthodontic wires with TiO2: Ag was carried out by the sol-gel thin film dip-coating method. To obtain the anatase crystal structure, substrates were calcined for 2 h at 500 °C. The properties of the obtained coatings were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and electrochemical tests. Corrosion studies were performed in a Ringer’s solution, which simulated physiological solution. SEM and XRD analyses of the coated surface confirmed the presence of Ag nanoparticles which may have antimicrobial potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: coated materials; orthodontic wires; biocompatible; surface properties; microscopy; nanoparticles coated materials; orthodontic wires; biocompatible; surface properties; microscopy; nanoparticles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kielan-Grabowska, Z.; Bącela, J.; Zięty, A.; Seremak, W.; Gawlik-Maj, M.; Kawala, B.; Borak, B.; Detyna, J.; Sarul, M. Improvement of Properties of Stainless Steel Orthodontic Archwire Using TiO2:Ag Coating. Symmetry 2021, 13, 1734. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091734

AMA Style

Kielan-Grabowska Z, Bącela J, Zięty A, Seremak W, Gawlik-Maj M, Kawala B, Borak B, Detyna J, Sarul M. Improvement of Properties of Stainless Steel Orthodontic Archwire Using TiO2:Ag Coating. Symmetry. 2021; 13(9):1734. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091734

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kielan-Grabowska, Zofia, Justyna Bącela, Anna Zięty, Wioletta Seremak, Marta Gawlik-Maj, Beata Kawala, Beata Borak, Jerzy Detyna, and Michał Sarul. 2021. "Improvement of Properties of Stainless Steel Orthodontic Archwire Using TiO2:Ag Coating" Symmetry 13, no. 9: 1734. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym13091734

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