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Open AccessArticle

Comprehensive Evaluation of Regional Logistics Competitiveness Considering Multiple Reference Points and Dynamic Index Improved Analytic Hierarchy Process

by Guodong Liu 1,2,*, Jianjun Zhu 1 and Xiaodi Liu 3
1
College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
2
School of Logistics, Linyi University, Linyi 276005, China
3
School of Mathematics and Physics, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(5), 847; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12050847
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
The development of the regional economy cannot be separated from the support of regional logistics, as the scientific decisions of regional logistics are helpful to promote the healthy development of the regional economy. The comprehensive evaluation of regional logistics competitiveness is the premise and foundation of regional logistics scientific decision-making; the evaluation index system, evaluation data, and index weight are the key links affecting a comprehensive evaluation. In order to improve the quality of a comprehensive evaluation, the study aims at addressing problems such as the evaluation index system of regional logistics competitiveness being complex and scattered, the normalized distribution of the evaluation data being extremely asymmetric and seriously deviating from the normal distribution, and the logic of calculating index weights by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) not being accurate. To do this, a triangle model of regional logistics competitiveness is constructed based on Porter’s diamond model, and the evaluation index system of regional logistics competitiveness is refined from the three dimensions of resource supply, logistics service, and market demand. Based on the concept of symmetry theory, a normalization method of segmental mapping with quartiles as multiple reference points is proposed, which improves the distribution rationality, symmetry, and distance discrimination of normalized data. The dynamic index scale is used to determine the scale of the analytic hierarchy process, and the evaluation matrix is constructed based on the importance level grading table; the index weights are directly solved without a consistency check, which improves the logical accuracy of a subjective evaluation. Based on the data of segment mapping, the comprehensive evaluation value of the evaluation object is calculated, and the competitiveness of regional logistics is compared and ranked, which improves the differentiation and consistency of the results. Through the comparative analysis of the calculation results, it was proven that the improvement of the data standardization method is necessary when the range is too large. The method in this paper can make the distribution of data standardization with a range too large closer to the normal distribution. It was found that the ranking of regional logistics competitiveness is highly consistent with the total social logistics, and that the total amount of regional logistics has an important reference value for the competitiveness of regional logistics. The ranking calculated by the indicators and methods in this paper has a certain reference value for regional logistics decision-making. View Full-Text
Keywords: symmetry theory; multiple reference points; analytic hierarchy process; regional logistics competitiveness; multi-criteria decision-making; comprehensive evaluation symmetry theory; multiple reference points; analytic hierarchy process; regional logistics competitiveness; multi-criteria decision-making; comprehensive evaluation
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Liu, G.; Zhu, J.; Liu, X. Comprehensive Evaluation of Regional Logistics Competitiveness Considering Multiple Reference Points and Dynamic Index Improved Analytic Hierarchy Process. Symmetry 2020, 12, 847.

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