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Open AccessArticle

Numerical Investigation of Aligned Magnetic Flow Comprising Nanoliquid over a Radial Stretchable Surface with Cattaneo–Christov Heat Flux with Entropy Generation

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Department of Mathematical Sciences, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi 75300, Pakistan
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Department of Mathematics and Social Sciences, Sukkur IBA University, Sukkur 65200, Pakistan
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Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 72915, Vietnam
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Center of Excellence for Research in Engineering Materials (CEREM), King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Al-Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
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Electrochemistry and Corrosion Laboratory, Department of Physical Chemistry, National Research Centre, El-Behoth St. 33, Dokki, Cairo 12622, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(12), 1520; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym11121520
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 8 December 2019 / Accepted: 13 December 2019 / Published: 15 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry in Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids)
The influence of entropy generation on aligned magnetic flow-including nanoparticles through a convectively heated radial stretched surface in the existence of Cattaneo–Christov heat flux is inspected. The highly nonlinear leading PDE’s via the similar scaling transformation are developed. The resulting system via the bvp4c technique from Matlab is computed. The impacts of rising constraints on the liquid velocity, nanoparticles concentration and temperature profile are argued and showed via portraits and table. In addition, the performance of liquid flow is inspected through the friction factor, the mass and heat transfer rate. With the rise in the thermal relaxation constraint, the thermal boundary layer is appreciably altered. Due to an aligned angle, the velocity of nanoliquid declines, while the concentration and temperature of nanofluid augment. It is also observed that the values of friction factor increase, whereas the values of heat and mass transfer decline due to an aligned angle. Entropy generation profiles developed due to magnetic parameters and the aligned angle. Lastly, a comparative scrutiny is composed via the previous studies which lead to support for our presently developed model. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanofluid; MHD aligned flow; convective boundary condition; entropy generation; Cattaneo–Christov heat flux nanofluid; MHD aligned flow; convective boundary condition; entropy generation; Cattaneo–Christov heat flux
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Zaib, A.; Khan, U.; Khan, I.; Seikh, A.H.; Sherif, E.-S.M. Numerical Investigation of Aligned Magnetic Flow Comprising Nanoliquid over a Radial Stretchable Surface with Cattaneo–Christov Heat Flux with Entropy Generation. Symmetry 2019, 11, 1520.

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