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Open AccessArticle

Land Use Change in the Major Bays Along the Coast of the South China Sea in Southeast Asia from 1988 to 2018

by Junjue Zhang 1,2 and Fenzhen Su 1,2,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center for the South China Sea Studies, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2019 / Revised: 4 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 19 January 2020
Bays are some of the core areas for marine economic development. The South China Sea coast is one of the most developed and dynamic places in the Asia-Pacific. In this study, we focused on the large bays surrounding the South China Sea. The techniques of image segmentation and supervised classification as well as image interpretation were used to acquire land-use data of 41 bays from 1988 to 2018. Then, we quantified the intensity and pattern of land-use and land-cover change during the two periods. Plantation land was the dominant agriculture land type as well as the second land use type after natural forest. Agriculture land cover increased from 29.8% to 40.9% and the growth was driven by plantation expansion. Deforestation was serious, including both natural forests and mangroves. Natural forest cover decreased by 31.6% and mangrove cover decreased by 16.2%. The vast majority of forest loss occurred in Sumatra and western Kalimantan. Commodity-driven deforestation for plantations was the major reason for forest loss. View Full-Text
Keywords: bay; land-use and land-cover change; South China Sea; forest bay; land-use and land-cover change; South China Sea; forest
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Zhang, J.; Su, F. Land Use Change in the Major Bays Along the Coast of the South China Sea in Southeast Asia from 1988 to 2018. Land 2020, 9, 30.

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