Next Article in Journal
Regional Differentiation of Long-Term Land Use Changes: A Case Study of Czechia
Previous Article in Journal
Capitalising on the European Research Outcome for Improved Spatial Planning Practices and Territorial Governance
Previous Article in Special Issue
Deforestation and Forest Degradation as an Environmental Behavior: Unpacking Realities Shaping Community Actions
Open AccessArticle

REDD+ Implementation in Community-Based Muyong Forest Management in Ifugao, Philippines

Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS), United Nations University, Tokyo 150-8925, Japan
Ministry of Megapolis and Western Development, Battaramulla 10120, Sri Lanka
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Land 2019, 8(11), 164;
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 30 October 2019 / Accepted: 1 November 2019 / Published: 5 November 2019
Ifugao province of the Philippines has a traditional muyong forest system that supplies water and prevents soil erosion of the world-famous Ifugao rice terraces. The socio-political structure of Ifugao has been the key to the maintenance and communal use of land, as well as the muyong forest, without causing excessive damage to the land. Recently, the Ifugao is facing various challenges viz. deforestation, slash-and-burn, introduction of commercial rice, and climate change. The aim of the study is to qualitatively assess the forest management practices in the muyong forest and the way forward to implement the United Nations—Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) mechanism. Community forestry can be an interesting option to reduce CO2 emissions from deforestation in Ifugao. This study qualitatively explores the societal problems in the area using focus group discussion (FGD) and key informant interviews (KII). The results show that the terracing lifestyle is at risk, due to mounting economic pressures from the domestic economy. Societal changes are altering the perceptions of the youth in terms of muyong sustainable management. They are threatening the sustainability of the terraces in the long-term because of outward migration and less value given to traditional practices. Furthermore, integration of commercial rice is changing the traditional agricultural system and placing less focus on forest maintenance. This study also discusses potential challenges and opportunities of REDD+ intervention and the role of REDD+ to foster sustainable muyong forest management as well as to find new innovative ways to maintain the Ifugao traditional system while coping with the modernization of the Ifugao economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ifugao; REDD+; rice terraces; muyong; community farming Ifugao; REDD+; rice terraces; muyong; community farming
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Avtar, R.; Tsusaka, K.; Herath, S. REDD+ Implementation in Community-Based Muyong Forest Management in Ifugao, Philippines. Land 2019, 8, 164.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop