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Water 2017, 9(11), 873; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9110873

Spatiotemporal Variability of Extreme Summer Precipitation over the Yangtze River Basin and the Associations with Climate Patterns

1
State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2
National Cooperative Innovation Center for Water Safety & Hydro-Science, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3
Bureau of Hydrology, Changjiang Water Resources Commission, Wuhan 430010, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 6 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Climate on Hydrological Extremes)
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Abstract

Understanding the spatiotemporal variability of seasonal extreme precipitation and its linkage with climate patterns is of great importance for water resource management over the Yangtze River Basin. Hence, this study examined the spatiotemporal variability of seasonal extreme precipitation through the archetypal analysis (AA), by which observations were decomposed and characterized as several extreme modes. Six archetypes were identified and can obviously exhibit the features of events with above average or below average precipitation. Summer precipitation is the most variable compared to the winter, spring, and autumn precipitation through the trend analysis. It ranged from extremely dry (A6) to normal (A1 and A2) to extremely wet (A4). Climate teleconnections to the four archetypes for summer precipitation and relative importance of climate patterns were thus investigated. Results show that El Niño Southern Oscillation index is the strongest determinant of the ensuing archetypes representing the events with above average precipitation, while the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) contributes most to the events with below-average precipitation. A warm phase of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is significantly correlated with the above-average precipitation. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Yangtze River Basin; extreme summer precipitation; archetypal analysis; spatiotemporal variability; climate teleconnection the Yangtze River Basin; extreme summer precipitation; archetypal analysis; spatiotemporal variability; climate teleconnection
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Su, Z.; Hao, Z.; Yuan, F.; Chen, X.; Cao, Q. Spatiotemporal Variability of Extreme Summer Precipitation over the Yangtze River Basin and the Associations with Climate Patterns. Water 2017, 9, 873.

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