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Article

Adsorption Performance of Modified Fly Ash for Copper Ion Removal from Aqueous Solution

1
National Institute of Research and Development for Technical Physics, 47 Mangeron Boulevard, 700050 Iasi, Romania
2
Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iasi, 73 Prof. dr. docent Dimitrie Mangeron Str., 700050 Iasi, Romania
3
Department of Pedotechnics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine in Iasi, 3, Mihail Sadoveanu Alley, 700490 Iasi, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2021, 13(2), 207; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020207
Received: 8 December 2020 / Revised: 9 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 16 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue River Basin Management and River Evolution Research)
The initial characteristics of Romanian fly ash from the CET II Holboca power plant show the feasibility of its application for the production of a new material with applicability in environmental decontamination. The material obtained was characterized using standard techniques: scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area, and thermogravimetric differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA). The adsorption capacity of the obtained material was evaluated in batch systems with different values of the initial Cu(II) ion concentration, pH, adsorbent dose, and contact time in order to optimize the adsorption process. According to the experimental data presented in this study, the adsorbent synthesized has a high adsorption capacity for copper ions (qmax = 27.32–58.48 mg/g). The alkali treatment of fly ash with NaOH improved the adsorption capacity of the obtained material compared to that of the untreated fly ash. Based on the kinetics results, the adsorption of copper ions onto synthesized material indicated the chemisorption mechanism. Notably, fly ash can be considered an important beginning in obtaining new materials with applicability to wastewater treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: fly ash; copper ions; isotherms; kinetic models fly ash; copper ions; isotherms; kinetic models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Buema, G.; Harja, M.; Lupu, N.; Chiriac, H.; Forminte, L.; Ciobanu, G.; Bucur, D.; Bucur, R.D. Adsorption Performance of Modified Fly Ash for Copper Ion Removal from Aqueous Solution. Water 2021, 13, 207. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020207

AMA Style

Buema G, Harja M, Lupu N, Chiriac H, Forminte L, Ciobanu G, Bucur D, Bucur RD. Adsorption Performance of Modified Fly Ash for Copper Ion Removal from Aqueous Solution. Water. 2021; 13(2):207. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020207

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buema, Gabriela; Harja, Maria; Lupu, Nicoleta; Chiriac, Horia; Forminte, Loredana; Ciobanu, Gabriela; Bucur, Daniel; Bucur, Roxana D. 2021. "Adsorption Performance of Modified Fly Ash for Copper Ion Removal from Aqueous Solution" Water 13, no. 2: 207. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020207

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