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An Integrated Review of River Bars for Engineering, Management and Transdisciplinary Research

1
Faculty of Hydraulic Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
2
IHE Delft Institute for Water Education, Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands
3
Deltares, Boussinesqweg 1, 2629 HV Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(2), 596; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12020596
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 17 February 2020 / Accepted: 17 February 2020 / Published: 21 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studies on River Training)
River training and river restoration often imply modifying the patterns and dimensions of bars, channels, and pools. Research since the 1980s has greatly advanced and matured our knowledge on the formation and behavior of river bars, thanks to field work, laboratory experiments, theoretical analyses, and numerical modelling by several research groups. However, this knowledge is not easily accessible to design engineers, river managers, and ecologists who need to apply it. This is mainly due to confusing differences in terminology as well as to difficult mathematical theories. Moreover, existing scientific publications generally focus on specific aspects, so an overall review of the findings and their applications is still lacking. In many cases, the knowledge achieved so far would allow minimizing hard engineering interventions and thus obtaining more natural rivers. We present an integrated review of the major findings of river bar studies. Our aim is to provide accessible state-of-the-art knowledge for nature-based bar management and successful river training and river restoration. To this end we review the results from analytical, numerical, experimental, and field studies, explain the background of bar theories, and discuss applications in river engineering and river restoration. View Full-Text
Keywords: river bars; river training; river restoration; river engineering; bar theory river bars; river training; river restoration; river engineering; bar theory
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Crosato, A.; Mosselman, E. An Integrated Review of River Bars for Engineering, Management and Transdisciplinary Research. Water 2020, 12, 596.

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