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The Susceptibility of Juvenile American Shad to Rapid Decompression and Fluid Shear Exposure Associated with Simulated Hydroturbine Passage

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Blvd, Richland, WA 99352, USA
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Water 2020, 12(2), 586; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12020586
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 14 February 2020 / Accepted: 17 February 2020 / Published: 20 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Addressing the Environmental Impacts of Hydropower)
Throughout many areas of their native range, American shad (Alosa sapidissima) and other Alosine populations are in decline. Though several conditions have influenced these declines, hydropower facilities have had significant negative effects on American shad populations. Hydropower facilities expose ocean-migrating American shad to physical stressors during passage through hydropower facilities, including strike, rapid decompression, and fluid shear. In this laboratory-based study, juvenile American shad were exposed separately to rapid decompression and fluid shear to determine their susceptibility to these stressors and develop dose–response models. These dose–response relationships can help guide the development and/or operation of hydropower turbines and facilities to reduce the negative effects to American shad. Relative to other species, juvenile American shad have a high susceptibility to both rapid decompression and fluid shear. Reducing or preventing exposure to these stressors at hydropower facilities may be a potential method to assist in the effort to restore American shad populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: American shad; hydropower; turbine; rapid decompression; fluid shear; downstream fish passage American shad; hydropower; turbine; rapid decompression; fluid shear; downstream fish passage
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Pflugrath, B.D.; Harnish, R.A.; Rhode, B.; Engbrecht, K.; Beirão, B.; Mueller, R.P.; McCann, E.L.; Stephenson, J.R.; Colotelo, A.H. The Susceptibility of Juvenile American Shad to Rapid Decompression and Fluid Shear Exposure Associated with Simulated Hydroturbine Passage. Water 2020, 12, 586.

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