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Open AccessArticle

IWRM through WFD Implementation? Drivers for Integration in Polycentric Water Governance Systems

Research Group on Governance, Participation, and Sustainability, Leuphana University Lüneburg, 21335 Lüneburg, Germany
Water 2019, 11(5), 1063; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11051063
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 17 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 22 May 2019
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PDF [304 KB, uploaded 23 May 2019]

Abstract

This paper uses an empirical approach to explore what motivates the adoption of integrated water resources management (IWRM). The study compares cases of local implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) from five German federal states representing various types of local policy addressees. Data were collected using policy analysis methods, including participatory observation and interviews with planners who had implemented WFD measures and conducted integration attempts of various types throughout the planning processes. The planning narratives on integration were analysed iteratively and its characteristics, drivers, and hampering factors were identified. It was found that policy addressees attempt integration due to the incentives for reaching their goals rather than according to their paradigms. Depending on the power relations, incentives result in the integration of different actors during different planning phases. The findings suggest that in order to strategically induce integration, it would be necessary to enhance the incentives based on a detailed knowledge of power relations. The WFD as a general regulatory framework was found not to be a driver for local integration, but the WFD did induce increased integrated management through setting goals. View Full-Text
Keywords: IWRM; integrated water resources management; drivers; EU water framework directive; implementation; coordination; participation; Germany; water governance; polycentricity IWRM; integrated water resources management; drivers; EU water framework directive; implementation; coordination; participation; Germany; water governance; polycentricity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Schröder, N.J.S. IWRM through WFD Implementation? Drivers for Integration in Polycentric Water Governance Systems. Water 2019, 11, 1063.

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