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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Straw Amendment on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Crop Yield on a Consecutive Mollisol Slope in Northeastern China

College of Resources and Environment, Northeast Agricultural University, 600 Changjiang Street, XiangFang District, Harbin 150030, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(5), 559; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10050559
Received: 8 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation Issues in Water, Agriculture and Food)
Straw amendment (SA) can be used to increase soil organic matter and decrease dioxide carbon emissions. However, the impact of SA on the crop yield is still subject to debate in different areas. In this study, soil temperature (ST), soil moisture (SM), soil bulk density, soil-available-nitrogen (AN), soil-available-phosphorus (AP), crop growth and yield were measured in SA and NSA (no straw amendment) at slope positions of a 130-m-long consecutive Mollisol slope during the maize (Zea mays) growth stages in the North Temperate Zone of China. Compared with NSA, the influence of SA on ST and SM was not consistent, while AN typically increased on the top slope. However, SA conventionally increased AP, increased daily ST and monthly ST (2.4–7.9%), and increased daily SM and monthly SM (2.1–12.5%) on the back slope. SA increased crop yield by 1–9.8% and 55.6–105.1% on the top and back slopes, respectively. At the bottom, SA conventionally decreased ST (0.20–1.48 °C in July and August), SM (3.5–29.6% from May to August), AN and AP, and decreased crop yield (4.1–30.6%). In conclusion, SA changed the equilibrium of ST and SM, influenced the dynamics of AN and AP on the consecutive slopes, and increased yield on both the top and back slopes but decreased yield at the bottom. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil moisture; soil temperature; soil nutrient; crop yield; Corn; Black soil soil moisture; soil temperature; soil nutrient; crop yield; Corn; Black soil
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Zhang, S.; Wang, Y.; Shen, Q. Influence of Straw Amendment on Soil Physicochemical Properties and Crop Yield on a Consecutive Mollisol Slope in Northeastern China. Water 2018, 10, 559.

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