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Water 2018, 10(4), 519;

The Mediterranean Moisture Contribution to Climatological and Extreme Monthly Continental Precipitation

EPhysLab (Environmental Physics Laboratory), Facultade de Ciencias, Universidade de Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 March 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 19 April 2018 / Published: 21 April 2018
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Moisture transport from its sources to surrounding continents is one of the most relevant topics in hydrology, and its role in extreme events is crucial for understanding several processes such as intense precipitation and flooding. In this study, we considered the Mediterranean Sea as the main water source and estimated its contribution to the monthly climatological and extreme precipitation events over the surrounding continental areas. To assess the effect of the Mediterranean Sea on precipitation, we used the Multi-Source Weighted-Ensemble Precipitation (MSWEP) database to characterize precipitation. The Lagrangian dispersion model known as FLEXPART was used to estimate the moisture contribution of this source. This contribution was estimated by tracking particles that leave the Mediterranean basin monthly and then calculating water loss (E − P < 0) over the continental region, which was modelled by FLEXPART. The analysis was conducted using data from 1980 to 2015 with a spatial resolution of 0.25°. The results showed that, in general, the spatial pattern of the Mediterranean source’s contribution to precipitation, unlike climatology, is similar during extreme precipitation years in the regions under study. However, while the Mediterranean Sea is usually not an important source of climatological precipitation for some European regions, it is a significant source during extreme precipitation years. View Full-Text
Keywords: extreme precipitation; Lagrangian approach; Mediterranean basin; moisture sinks extreme precipitation; Lagrangian approach; Mediterranean basin; moisture sinks

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Ciric, D.; Nieto, R.; Losada, L.; Drumond, A.; Gimeno, L. The Mediterranean Moisture Contribution to Climatological and Extreme Monthly Continental Precipitation. Water 2018, 10, 519.

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