Next Article in Journal
The Impacts of Smoke Emitted from Boreal Forest Wildfires on the High Latitude Radiative Energy Budget—A Case Study of the 2002 Yakutsk Wildfires
Previous Article in Journal
The Identification of Iran’s Moisture Sources Using a Lagrangian Particle Dispersion Model
Previous Article in Special Issue
Climate Change and Water-Related Infectious Diseases
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Atmosphere 2018, 9(10), 409;

Temporal Trends in Heat-Related Mortality: Implications for Future Projections

Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, 715 Albany Street, Talbot 4W, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 20 September 2018 / Accepted: 21 September 2018 / Published: 18 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1448 KB, uploaded 18 October 2018]   |  


High temperatures have large impacts on premature mortality risks across the world, and there is concern that warming temperatures associated with climate change, and in particular larger-than-expected increases in the proportion of days with extremely high temperatures, may lead to increasing mortality risks. Comparisons of heat-related mortality exposure-response functions across different cities show that the effects of heat on mortality risk vary by latitude, with more pronounced heat effects in more northerly climates. Evidence has also emerged in recent years of trends over time in heat-related mortality, suggesting that in many locations, the risk per unit increase in temperature has been declining. Here, I review the emerging literature on these trends, and draw conclusions for studies that seek to project future impacts of heat on mortality. I also make reference to the more general heat-mortality literature, including studies comparing effects across locations. I conclude that climate change projection studies will need to take into account trends over time (and possibly space) in the exposure response function for heat-related mortality. Several potential methods are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat-related mortality; climate change; trends over time heat-related mortality; climate change; trends over time

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kinney, P.L. Temporal Trends in Heat-Related Mortality: Implications for Future Projections. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 409.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top