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Article

An Assessment of Indoor Air Quality in the Arrivals Hall of Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport: Monitoring of VOCs and NO2

1
Geography Department, Saint Joseph University, Beirut 1104 2020, Lebanon
2
Group of Atmospheric Chemistry, The Institute of Chemistry and Processes for Energy, Environment and Health (ICPEES, UMR 7515 CNRS/UdS), 67087 Strasbourg, France
3
Unité de Recherche Environnement, Génomique et Protéomique (UR-EGP), Faculté des Sciences, Université Saint-Joseph, Beyrouth 1107 2050, Lebanon
4
In’Air Solutions, 67000 Strasbourg, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jo-Chun Kim
Atmosphere 2021, 12(3), 400; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030400
Received: 23 February 2021 / Revised: 13 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 20 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue VOC Sensing and Measurements)
In Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport (RHIA), airport employees stay at least 12 h inside the airport’s buildings and suffer from respiratory symptoms. Additionally, direct openings exist between the apron and the arrivals hall providing a pathway for contaminated air to enter the buildings. Hence, we study the impact of Beirut–RHIA’s activities on the indoor air of the arrivals hall (impact on employees and passengers) during June, November, and October 2014. Due to their impacts on air quality and human health, assessing of the concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) was the target of our study by using gas chromatographic techniques (GC-MS and GC-FID) for VOCs and calorimetric methods for NO2 concentrations. NO2 levels indicated a probable hazard to the health of passengers and employees, while measured VOC levels did not present any risks except for acrolein. This is the first study to assess the speciation of a large number of VOCs (46 VOCs) for airport indoor air while revealing a very interesting correlation between aircraft number and the concentrations of VOC groups (namely heavy alkanes, aldehydes and ketones, and monoaromatics). Moreover, this is the first study in Lebanon to assess the speciation of a large number of VOCs in indoor air. View Full-Text
Keywords: indoor air pollution; Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs); heavy alkanes; nitrogen dioxide (NO2); airport; Beirut indoor air pollution; Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs); heavy alkanes; nitrogen dioxide (NO2); airport; Beirut
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mokalled, T.; Adjizian Gérard, J.; Abboud, M.; Liaud, C.; Nasreddine, R.; Le Calvé, S. An Assessment of Indoor Air Quality in the Arrivals Hall of Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport: Monitoring of VOCs and NO2. Atmosphere 2021, 12, 400. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030400

AMA Style

Mokalled T, Adjizian Gérard J, Abboud M, Liaud C, Nasreddine R, Le Calvé S. An Assessment of Indoor Air Quality in the Arrivals Hall of Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport: Monitoring of VOCs and NO2. Atmosphere. 2021; 12(3):400. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030400

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mokalled, Tharwat, Jocelyne Adjizian Gérard, Maher Abboud, Céline Liaud, Rouba Nasreddine, and Stéphane Le Calvé. 2021. "An Assessment of Indoor Air Quality in the Arrivals Hall of Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport: Monitoring of VOCs and NO2" Atmosphere 12, no. 3: 400. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12030400

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