Typhoon precipitation and intensity forecasting plays an important role in disaster prevention and mitigation in the typhoon landfall area. However, the issue of improving forecast accuracy is very challenging. In this study, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model typhoon simulations on precipitation and central 10-m maximum wind speed (10-m wind) were improved using a systematic parameter optimization framework consisting of parameter screening and adaptive surrogate modeling-based optimization (ASMO) for screening sensitive parameters. Six of the 25 adjustable parameters from seven physics components of the WRF model were screened by the Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) parameter sensitivity analysis tool. Then the six parameters were optimized using the ASMO method, and after 178 runs, the 6-hourly precipitation, and 10-m wind simulations were finally improved by 6.83% and 13.64% respectively. The most significant improvements usually occurred with the maximum precipitation or the highest wind speed. Additional typhoon events from other years were simulated to validate that the WRF optimal parameters were reasonable. The results demonstrated that the improvements in 6-hourly precipitation and 10-m wind were 4.78% and 8.54% respectively. Overall, the ASMO optimization method is an effective and highly efficient way to improve typhoon precipitation and intensity simulation using a numerical weather prediction model.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited