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Open AccessArticle

Sensitivity Analysis of Surface Energy Budget to Albedo Parameters in Seoul Metropolitan Area Using the Unified Model

1
Division of Science Education/Institute of Fusion Science, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju 54896, Korea
2
Applied Meteorology Research Division, National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Seogwipo 63568, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(1), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11010120
Received: 29 November 2019 / Revised: 15 January 2020 / Accepted: 18 January 2020 / Published: 20 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Meteorology)
The large population growth has significantly altered the thermal characteristics of the atmosphere, including decreased albedo and increased heat capacity; thus, urban areas experience unique climatic phenomena. We conducted sensitivity experiments using Unified Model Local Data Assimilation and Prediction-Met-Office-Reading Urban Surface Exchange Scheme (LDAPS-MORUSES) to investigate the response of surface energy budget to albedo changes in the Seoul Metropolitan Area. We compared 1.5-m temperature at 56 automatic weather station (AWS) sites and showed underestimations of approximately 0.5–2 K, but the diurnal cycle was well simulated. We changed the wall and road albedo parameters by ±50% from the default values for sensitivity experiments. With increasing albedo, 1.5-m temperature decreased by approximately 0.06 °C and 0.01 °C in urban and suburban areas, respectively. These changes are responses to decreased net radiation and sensible heat during daytime, whereas sensible heat mainly contributes to the surface cooling during nighttime. Furthermore, the decrease in albedo leads to altered vertical structure of potential temperature and atmospheric circulations at altitudes of 300–1000 m. Results show that albedo modification can affect not only surface temperature but also the entire urban boundary layer. View Full-Text
Keywords: LDAPS; MORUSES; albedo sensitivity; surface energy budget LDAPS; MORUSES; albedo sensitivity; surface energy budget
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Wie, J.; Hong, S.-O.; Byon, J.-Y.; Ha, J.-C.; Moon, B.-K. Sensitivity Analysis of Surface Energy Budget to Albedo Parameters in Seoul Metropolitan Area Using the Unified Model. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 120.

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