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The Roles of the NLRP3 Inflammasome in Neurodegenerative and Metabolic Diseases and in Relevant Advanced Therapeutic Interventions

Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Korea
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Genes 2020, 11(2), 131; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11020131
Received: 25 December 2019 / Revised: 22 January 2020 / Accepted: 22 January 2020 / Published: 27 January 2020
Inflammasomes are intracellular multiprotein complexes in the cytoplasm that regulate inflammation activation in the innate immune system in response to pathogens and to host self-derived molecules. Recent advances greatly improved our understanding of the activation of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes at the molecular level. The NLRP3 belongs to the subfamily of NLRP which activates caspase 1, thus causing the production of proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1β and interleukin 18) and pyroptosis. This inflammasome is involved in multiple neurodegenerative and metabolic disorders including Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and gout. Therefore, therapeutic targeting to the NLRP3 inflammasome complex is a promising way to treat these diseases. Recent research advances paved the way toward drug research and development using a variety of machine learning-based and artificial intelligence-based approaches. These state-of-the-art approaches will lead to the discovery of better drugs after the training of such a system.
Keywords: inflammasome; Alzheimer’s disease; type 2 diabetes mellitus; machine learning; artificial intelligence inflammasome; Alzheimer’s disease; type 2 diabetes mellitus; machine learning; artificial intelligence
MDPI and ACS Style

Pirzada, R.H.; Javaid, N.; Choi, S. The Roles of the NLRP3 Inflammasome in Neurodegenerative and Metabolic Diseases and in Relevant Advanced Therapeutic Interventions. Genes 2020, 11, 131.

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