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Article

Crop Diversity Management System Commons: Revisiting the Role of Genebanks in the Network of Crop Diversity Actors

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Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD), UMR Genetic Improvement and Adaptation of Plants Institut (AGAP), 34398 Montpellier, France
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AGAP Institut, Université de Montpellier, The French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD), Institut National de la Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement (INRAE), Institut Agro, 34398 Montpellier, France
3
UMR SADAPT, Université Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, 75231 Paris, France
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USC 1339, Centre d’Etudes Biologiques de Chizé, INRAE, 79360 Villiers-en-Bois, France
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UMR 7372 Centre d’Études Biologiques de Chizé, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique & Université de La Rochelle, 79360 Beauvoir-sur-Niort, France
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CIRAD, UMR Savoirs, Environnement et Sociétés (SENS), 34398 Montpellier, France
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SENS, CIRAD, IRD, Université Paul Valery Montpellier 3, Univ Montpellier, 34199 Montpellier, France
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Diversity—Adaptation—Plant Development (DIADE), University of Montpellier, French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD), 34000 Montpellier, France
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Faculté de Droit, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Niels P. Louwaars and Bram de Jonge
Agronomy 2021, 11(9), 1893; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11091893
Received: 1 September 2021 / Accepted: 17 September 2021 / Published: 21 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Policies in Plant Breeding—Rights and Obligations)
This paper rethinks the governance of genebanks in a social and political context that has significantly evolved since their establishment. The theoretical basis for the paper is the commons conceptual framework in relation to both seed and plant genetic resources. This framework is applied to question the current policy ecosystem of genetic research and breeding and explore different collective governance models. The concept of crop diversity management system (CDMS) commons is proposed as the new foundation for a more holistic and inclusive framework for crop diversity management, that covers a broad range of concerns and requires different actors. The paper presents a multi-stakeholder process established within the context of the two recent projects CoEx and Dynaversity, imagining possible collective arrangements to overcome existing deadlocks, foster collective learning, and design collaborative relationships among genebanks, researchers, and farmers’ civil society organizations involved in crop diversity management. View Full-Text
Keywords: crop diversity; plant genetic resources; seed commons; global commons; Third Place; genebank; seed policy; governance; Social Ecological System (SES) crop diversity; plant genetic resources; seed commons; global commons; Third Place; genebank; seed policy; governance; Social Ecological System (SES)
MDPI and ACS Style

Louafi, S.; Thomas, M.; Berthet, E.T.; Pélissier, F.; Vaing, K.; Jankowski, F.; Bazile, D.; Pham, J.-L.; Leclercq, M. Crop Diversity Management System Commons: Revisiting the Role of Genebanks in the Network of Crop Diversity Actors. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1893. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11091893

AMA Style

Louafi S, Thomas M, Berthet ET, Pélissier F, Vaing K, Jankowski F, Bazile D, Pham J-L, Leclercq M. Crop Diversity Management System Commons: Revisiting the Role of Genebanks in the Network of Crop Diversity Actors. Agronomy. 2021; 11(9):1893. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11091893

Chicago/Turabian Style

Louafi, Sélim, Mathieu Thomas, Elsa T. Berthet, Flora Pélissier, Killian Vaing, Frédérique Jankowski, Didier Bazile, Jean-Louis Pham, and Morgane Leclercq. 2021. "Crop Diversity Management System Commons: Revisiting the Role of Genebanks in the Network of Crop Diversity Actors" Agronomy 11, no. 9: 1893. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11091893

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