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Article

Weed Spread and Caraway (Carum carvi L.) Crop Productivity in a Multi-Cropping System

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Institute of Agroecosystems and Soil Sciences, Agriculture Academy, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaičio Str. 58, LT-44248 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Institute of Agricultural and Food Science, Agriculture Academy, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaičio Str. 58, LT-44248 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Candido
Agronomy 2021, 11(6), 1172; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061172
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 4 June 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-Functional Cultivation of Crops)
The field experiment was carried out at the Experimental Station of Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy (Lithuania) in 2017–2019. The aim of the study was to determine and to compare weed spread and caraway crop productivity in sole (spring barley, spring wheat, pea, caraway), binary (spring barley-caraway, spring wheat-caraway, pea-caraway) and trinary (spring barley-caraway-white clover, spring wheat-caraway-white clover, pea-caraway-white clover) crops. In the second and the third years of caraway cultivation, it was estimated that the abundance of perennial weeds in the crops increased. In the first year, significantly the highest dry matter mass of weeds was determined in non-sprayed with herbicides binary crops with undersown caraway and in trinary crops with undersown caraway and clover; in the second year—in the caraway binary crops, when they were grown after barley and wheat without clover; in the third year—in caraway binary and trinary crops when they were grown after barley, wheat and pea without clover and after barley and wheat with clover. In the second year, the highest yields of caraway seeds were obtained by growing them in peas, and in the third year by growing them in wheat together with clover. Caraway can be grown in trinary crops, including white clover, and harvested in the second or the third year of the vegetative season. View Full-Text
Keywords: Carum carvi L.; multi-cropping system; productivity; weed Carum carvi L.; multi-cropping system; productivity; weed
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marcinkevičienė, A.; Rudinskienė, A.; Velička, R.; Kosteckas, R.; Kriaučiūnienė, Z. Weed Spread and Caraway (Carum carvi L.) Crop Productivity in a Multi-Cropping System. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1172. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061172

AMA Style

Marcinkevičienė A, Rudinskienė A, Velička R, Kosteckas R, Kriaučiūnienė Z. Weed Spread and Caraway (Carum carvi L.) Crop Productivity in a Multi-Cropping System. Agronomy. 2021; 11(6):1172. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061172

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marcinkevičienė, Aušra, Aušra Rudinskienė, Rimantas Velička, Robertas Kosteckas, and Zita Kriaučiūnienė. 2021. "Weed Spread and Caraway (Carum carvi L.) Crop Productivity in a Multi-Cropping System" Agronomy 11, no. 6: 1172. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061172

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