Next Article in Journal
Modification of the TOMCAST Model with Aerobiological Data for Management of Potato Early Blight
Next Article in Special Issue
Carbon Isotope Measurements to Determine the Turnover of Soil Organic Matter Fractions in a Temperate Forest Soil
Previous Article in Journal
Inheritance and Expressivity of Neoplasm Trait in Crosses between the Domestic Pea (Pisum sativum subsp. sativum) and Tall Wild Pea (Pisum sativum subsp. elatius)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Mycorrhizal Inoculation and Irrigation on Biological Properties of Sweet Pepper Rhizosphere in Organic Field Cultivation
 
 
Article

Assessing the Effect of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.) Leaf Chemical Composition on Some Soil Properties of Differently Aged Rubber Tree Plantations

1
Department of Soil Science and Environment, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
2
Department of Agricultural Technology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Liberal Arts, Rajamagala University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand
3
Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organization), Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand
4
Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand
5
Eco&Sols, University Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, IRD, Montpellier SupAgro, F-34398 Montperliier, France
6
LMI LUSES, Land Development Department, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(12), 1871; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121871
Received: 4 November 2020 / Revised: 24 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Healthy in Agro-ecosystems)
Leaf litter plays a major role in carbon and nutrient cycling, as well as in fueling food webs. The chemical composition of a leaf may directly and indirectly influence decomposition rates by influencing rates of biological reactions and by influencing the accumulation of soil organic carbon content, respectively. This study aimed to assess the impact of the chemical composition of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.) leaves on various soil properties of different ages of rubber (4–5, 11–12, and 22–23 year-old). Synchrotron-based Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (Sr-FTIR) was utilized for analyzing the chemical composition of plant leaves. The Sr-FTIR bands illustrated that the epidermis of rubber leaves from 4–5-year-old trees was found to contain a high quantity of polysaccharides while mesophyll from 22–23-year-old trees had a large number of polysaccharides. The change in soil properties in the older rubber plantation could be attributed to its chemical composition. The change in soil properties across all tree ages, i.e., increased litter and organic carbon content, was a relatively strong driver of soil biota evolution. The aliphatic of C-H in the leaves showed high correlation with soil organic carbon (SOC) and permanganate-oxidizable C (POXC) from 22–23 year-old trees. This study shows the differences in the organic chemical composition of leaves that are consequential to soil organic carbon. View Full-Text
Keywords: rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.); synchrotron-based Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy; leaf chemical composition; soil organic carbon rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.); synchrotron-based Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy; leaf chemical composition; soil organic carbon
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Puttaso, P.; Namanusart, W.; Thumanu, K.; Kamolmanit, B.; Brauman, A.; Lawongsa, P. Assessing the Effect of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.) Leaf Chemical Composition on Some Soil Properties of Differently Aged Rubber Tree Plantations. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1871. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121871

AMA Style

Puttaso P, Namanusart W, Thumanu K, Kamolmanit B, Brauman A, Lawongsa P. Assessing the Effect of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.) Leaf Chemical Composition on Some Soil Properties of Differently Aged Rubber Tree Plantations. Agronomy. 2020; 10(12):1871. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121871

Chicago/Turabian Style

Puttaso, Porntip, Weravart Namanusart, Kanjana Thumanu, Bhanudacha Kamolmanit, Alain Brauman, and Phrueksa Lawongsa. 2020. "Assessing the Effect of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss.) Muell. Arg.) Leaf Chemical Composition on Some Soil Properties of Differently Aged Rubber Tree Plantations" Agronomy 10, no. 12: 1871. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121871

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop