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Current Status and Trends in Cabo Verde Agriculture

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Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
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Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-017 Lisboa, Portugal
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Escola Superior de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Universidade de Cabo Verde, Santiago, Praia CP 279, Cabo Verde
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Centro de Estudos sobre África para o Desenvolvimento (CEsA), Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, Universidade de Lisboa, 1200-781 Lisboa, Portugal
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Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO), InBIO Associate Laboratory, Pole of The Azores, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade dos Açores, 9500-321 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
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Nova School of Business and Economics, Campus de Carcavelos, 2775-405 Carcavelos, Portugal
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Instituto Nacional de Investigação e Desenvolvimento Agrário (INIDA), Santiago, São Laurenço dos Orgãos CP 84, Cabo Verde
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Centre of Tropical Studies for Development (CENTROP), Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors contributed equally to this work.
Agronomy 2020, 10(1), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10010074
Received: 6 December 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2020 / Published: 4 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Farming Sustainability)
With climate change, drought is expected to increase, and its negative impacts will be particularly important in developing countries, usually with rainfall-dependent agriculture. The Cabo Verde archipelago is characterized by limited resources, remoteness, vulnerability to natural disasters, and a fragile environment. In this study, we provide the first report of the current status and trends of agriculture in Cabo Verde. We present data on the current performance of agricultural production areas in these islands and discuss them in terms of their most important natural constraint, water. Also, we assess the impact of institutional strategies on crop production and evaluate recent mechanisms that have been engaged towards agrarian development in this archipelago. Our results show that, among the ten Cabo Verde Islands, Santiago has the largest area used for agriculture (52.5%), followed by Santo Antão (16%) and Fogo (15.8%), and that rainfed farming dominates in all of them. The staple crops, such as maize and beans, are produced through rainfed subsistence farming, whereas irrigated crops (i.e., sugarcane, tomatoes) are mostly grown for commercial purposes. The prolonged drought periods, exposure, erosion and soil degradation, which led to increasing desertification over the last decades, have been identified as the main constraints to agrarian development across the ten islands of the archipelago. The strategies of Cabo Verde government to mitigate water scarcity through small-scale irrigation based mainly on small dams and drip irrigation technology have a marked effect on agricultural production in the predominantly arid and semi-arid areas of this archipelago. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture resilience; climate change; drought; irrigated farming; rainfed farming agriculture resilience; climate change; drought; irrigated farming; rainfed farming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Monteiro, F.; Fortes, A.; Ferreira, V.; Pereira Essoh, A.; Gomes, I.; Correia, A.M.; Romeiras, M.M. Current Status and Trends in Cabo Verde Agriculture. Agronomy 2020, 10, 74.

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