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Article

Effect of Nitrogen on the Properties of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Plants and Fibres

1
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, Department of Materials, Fibres and Textile Testing, Prilaz baruna Filipovića 28a, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops Forage and Grassland, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
College of Agriculture at Križevci, Milislava Demerca 1, 48260 Križevci, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carlo Santulli
Polymers 2022, 14(3), 558; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14030558
Received: 1 December 2021 / Revised: 24 January 2022 / Accepted: 27 January 2022 / Published: 29 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multifunctional Advanced Textile Materials)
This paper presents a three-year study of the influence of different amounts of nitrogen on the properties of flax plants and fibres. At the same time, the acclimatization ability of five different cultivars of fibre flax was estimated through the valorisation of their morphological (technical stem length, stem thickness) and physical-mechanical properties of the fibres (length, fineness, tenacity). Cultivar trials with fibre flax were set up across three years (2008–2010) at the following locations: the experimental fields of the Faculty of Agriculture in Zagreb on anthropogenized Eutric Cambisol and the College of Agriculture at Križevci on pseudogley on level terrain. The selected cultivars were fertilized without and with different nitrogen rates (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg/ha) in different time. The trials were carried out according to the RCBD in four replications. According to the results of the three-year study of flax and fibres, significant differences were established among the cultivars and among the added nitrogen rates under study. Based on the results of the morphological and textile-technological properties of flax, the cultivars Viola and Agatha achieved higher values at the location of Križevci, where it was not necessary to add more than 30 kg N/ha. View Full-Text
Keywords: Linum usitatissimum L.; cultivars; nitrogen fertilization; morphological properties of plant; physical-mechanical properties of fibre Linum usitatissimum L.; cultivars; nitrogen fertilization; morphological properties of plant; physical-mechanical properties of fibre
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brunšek, R.; Butorac, J.; Augustinović, Z.; Pospišil, M. Effect of Nitrogen on the Properties of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Plants and Fibres. Polymers 2022, 14, 558. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14030558

AMA Style

Brunšek R, Butorac J, Augustinović Z, Pospišil M. Effect of Nitrogen on the Properties of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Plants and Fibres. Polymers. 2022; 14(3):558. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14030558

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brunšek, Ružica, Jasminka Butorac, Zvjezdana Augustinović, and Milan Pospišil. 2022. "Effect of Nitrogen on the Properties of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Plants and Fibres" Polymers 14, no. 3: 558. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14030558

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