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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on the Microstructure, Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behavior and Antibacterial Activity of Polyoxymethylene

1
Key Laboratory of Oceanic and Polar Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai 200090, China
2
College of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
3
Hunan Xinhai Co., Ltd., Hunan 413100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(2), 424; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12020424
Received: 16 January 2020 / Revised: 1 February 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
Silver (Ag) nanoparticles were synthesized by a facile route in the presence of oleic acid and n-propylamine. It was shown that the average primary size of the as-synthesized Ag nanoparticles was approximately 10 nm and the surface of as-synthesized Ag nanoparticles was capped with monolayer surfactants with the content of 19.6%. Based on as-synthesized Ag nanoparticles, polyoxymethylene (POM)/Ag nanocomposites were prepared. The influence of Ag nanoparticles on non-isothermal crystallization behavior of POM was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The Jeziorny, Jeziorny-modified Avrami, Ozawa, Liu and Mo, Ziabicki and Kissinger models were applied to analyze the non-isothermal melt crystallization data of POM/Ag nanocomposites. Results of half time (t1/2), crystallization rate parameter (CRP), crystallization rate function (K(T)), kinetic parameter (F(T)), the kinetic crystallizability at unit cooling rate (GZ) and the crystallization activation energy (∆E) were determined. Small amounts of Ag nanoparticles dispersed into POM matrix were shown to act as heterogeneous nuclei, which could enhance the crystallization rate of POM, increase the number of POM spherulites and reduce POM spherulites size. However, the higher loading of Ag nanoparticles were easily aggregated, which restrained POM crystallization to some degree. Furthermore, the POM/Ag nanocomposites showed robust antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. View Full-Text
Keywords: POM; Ag nanoparticles; POM/Ag nanocomposites; non-isothermal crystallization kinetics; heterogeneous nuclei; antibacterial activity POM; Ag nanoparticles; POM/Ag nanocomposites; non-isothermal crystallization kinetics; heterogeneous nuclei; antibacterial activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, Y.; Liu, Y.; Wang, L.; Huang, H.; Zhang, X.; Liu, Y.; Min, M.; Li, Y. Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on the Microstructure, Non-Isothermal Crystallization Behavior and Antibacterial Activity of Polyoxymethylene. Polymers 2020, 12, 424.

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