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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Molecular Chain Length on the Contact Line Movement in Water/n-Alkane/Solid Systems

State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
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Polymers 2019, 11(12), 2081; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11122081
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 3 December 2019 / Accepted: 11 December 2019 / Published: 12 December 2019
The movement of the contact line in liquid-liquid-solid systems is a major phenomenon in natural and industrial processes. In particular, n-alkanes are widely occurring in the oil, soil pollution, and chemical industries, yet there is little knowledge on the effects of molecular chain length on the contact line movement. Here, we studied the effects of molecular chain length on the contact line movement in water/n-alkane/solid systems with different surface wettabilities. We used n-heptane (C7), n-decane (C10), and n-hexadecane (C16) as alkanes and α-quartz as the solid surface. We calculated the time-variation contact line moving velocity and also analyzed the jump frequency and the mean distance of the molecular displacement occurring within the contact line zone by molecular-kinetic theory. Molecular dynamics simulation results show that the contact line velocity decreases with increasing the chain length, originally caused by the decreasing the jump frequency and mean distance. These variations with the molecular chain length are related to the more torsions and deformations of the molecules with a longer chain length. In addition, the moving mechanism of the contact line on the same solid surface does not change at different molecular chain lengths, implying that the moving mechanism mainly depends on the three-phase wettability. View Full-Text
Keywords: molecular chain length; contact line; wettability; liquid-liquid-solid system molecular chain length; contact line; wettability; liquid-liquid-solid system
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Zheng, W.; Sun, C.; Wen, B.; Bai, B.; Lichtfouse, E. Effects of Molecular Chain Length on the Contact Line Movement in Water/n-Alkane/Solid Systems. Polymers 2019, 11, 2081.

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