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Polymers 2018, 10(9), 1019; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10091019

Thermal Stability and Flame Retardancy of Polypropylene Composites Containing Siloxane-Silsesquioxane Resins

1
Faculty of Chemistry, University of Opole, Oleska 48, 45-052 Opole, Poland
2
Faculty of Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, Al. Powstańców Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
3
Central Mining Institute, Plac Gwarków 1, 40–166 Katowice, Poland
4
Centre for Advanced Technologies, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Umultowska 89C, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2018 / Revised: 9 September 2018 / Accepted: 10 September 2018 / Published: 13 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue POSS-Based Polymers)
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Abstract

A novel group of silsesquioxane derivatives, which are siloxane-silsesquioxane resins (S4SQ), was for the first time examined as possible flame retardants in polypropylene (PP) materials. Thermal stability of the PP/S4SQ composites compared to the S4SQ resins and neat PP was estimated using thermogravimetric (TG) analysis under nitrogen and in air atmosphere. The effects of the non-functionalized and n-alkyl-functionalized siloxane-silsesquioxane resins on thermostability and flame retardancy of PP materials were also evaluated by thermogravimetry-Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (TG-FTIR) and by cone calorimeter tests. The results revealed that the functionalized S4SQ resins may form a continuous ceramic layer on the material surface during its combustion, which improves both thermal stability and flame retardancy of the PP materials. This beneficial effect was observed especially when small amounts of the S4SQ fillers were applied. The performed analyses allowed us to propose a possible mechanism for the degradation of the siloxane-silsesquioxane resins, as well as to explain their possible role during the combustion of the PP/S4SQ composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: siloxane-silsesquioxane resins; polypropylene; thermogravimetry; cone calorimeter tests; flame-retardant mechanism siloxane-silsesquioxane resins; polypropylene; thermogravimetry; cone calorimeter tests; flame-retardant mechanism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Niemczyk, A.; Dziubek, K.; Sacher-Majewska, B.; Czaja, K.; Czech-Polak, J.; Oliwa, R.; Lenża, J.; Szołyga, M. Thermal Stability and Flame Retardancy of Polypropylene Composites Containing Siloxane-Silsesquioxane Resins. Polymers 2018, 10, 1019.

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