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Polymers 2018, 10(12), 1303; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10121303

Plasticizers Derived from Biomass Resources: A Short Review

1
Institute of Chemical Industry of Forest Products, Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF); Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Nanjing Forestry University; Key Lab of Biomass Energy and Materials, 16 Suojin North Road, Nanjing 210042, China
2
College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, 30 Pu Zhu Road, Nanjing 211800, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 22 November 2018 / Published: 24 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Polymer Composites)
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Abstract

With rising environmental concerns and depletion of petrochemical resources, biomass-based chemicals have been paid more attention. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plasticizers derived from biomass resources (vegetable oil, cardanol, vegetable fatty acid, glycerol and citric acid) have been widely studied to replace petroleum-based o-phthalate plasticizers. These bio-based plasticizers mainly include epoxidized plasticizer, polyester plasticizer, macromolecular plasticizer, flame retardant plasticizer, citric acid ester plasticizer, glyceryl ester plasticizer and internal plasticizer. Bio-based plasticizers with the advantages of renewability, degradability, hypotoxicity, excellent solvent resistant extraction and plasticizing performances make them potential to replace o-phthalate plasticizers partially or totally. In this review, we classify different types of bio-based plasticizers according to their chemical structure and function, and highlight recent advances in multifunctional applications of bio-based plasticizers in PVC products. This study will increase the interest of researchers in bio-based plasticizers and the development of new ideas in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: plasticizer; polyvinyl chloride; biomass resources; review plasticizer; polyvinyl chloride; biomass resources; review
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jia, P.; Xia, H.; Tang, K.; Zhou, Y. Plasticizers Derived from Biomass Resources: A Short Review. Polymers 2018, 10, 1303.

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